Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

From Academic Kids

The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. It was signed by Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, for the UK and Hendrik Fagel (or Henry Fagel) for the Dutch.

The treaty returned the colonial possessions of the Dutch as they were at the outbreak of the war of January 1, 1803, in the Americas, Africa, and Asia with the exceptions of the Cape of Good Hope and the South American settlements of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, where the Dutch retained trading rights.

In addition, the UK ceded the island of Banca in the Malay archipelago in exchange for the settlement of Cochin in India and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar. The Dutch also ceded the district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, in exchange for an annual fee.

The treaty also noted a declaration of June 15, 1814, by the Dutch that ships for the slave trade were no longer permitted in British ports and it agreed that this restriction would be extended to a ban on involvement in the slave trade by Dutch citizens.

The UK also agreed to pay 1,000,000 to Sweden to resolve a claim to the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe (see Guadeloupe Fund). The UK and the Dutch agreed to spend 2,000,000 each on improving the defences of the Low Countries. More funds, of up to 3,000,000, are mentioned for the "final and satisfactory settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland."

Disputes arising from this treaty were the subject of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.

Reference

  • Treaty text (http://www.guyana.org/Western/1803%20to%201840.htm) (scroll down to document 464)
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