Ars Goetia

From Academic Kids

The Ars Goetia (Latin, probably: "The Howling Art"), often simply called the Goetia, is the first section of the 17th century grimoire Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis, or The Lesser Key of Solomon. Much of the text appeared earlier, with some material dating to the 14th century or earlier.

Missing image
Goetia2.jpg
The circle and triangle, used in the evocation of the seventy-two spirits of the Goetia. The magickian would stand within the circle and the spirit was believed to appear within the triangle. Some believe that the central circle of the triangle was actually a magick mirror, similar to a crystal ball as used for scrying.

It contains descriptions of the seventy-two demons that King Solomon is said to have evoked and confined in a bronze vessel sealed by magick symbols, and that he obliged to work for him. It gives instructions on constructing a similar bronze vessel, and using the proper magic formulae to safely call up those demons. The operation given is complex, and includes many details. The 'howling' of the title is believed to refer to the incantations made by the conjuror. The Ars Goetia differs from other goetic texts in that the entities summoned are to be compelled into obedience, rather than asked for favors.

The Ars Goetia assigns a rank and a title of nobility to each member of the infernal hierarchy, and gives the demons' 'signs they have to pay allegiance to', or seals. The lists of entities in the Ars Goetia correspond (to high but varying degree, often according to edition) with those in the Steganographia of Trithemius, circa 1500, and John Wier's De Praestigiis Daemonumand, of 1563.

A revised English edition of the Ars Goetia was published in 1904 by magician Aleister Crowley, and it serves as a key component of his popular and highly influential system of magick. It has since become a relatively well-known book of magic (arguably, the most popular of the grimoires) and has even been featured in places like the graphic novel Promethea by Alan Moore.

The demons' names (given below) are spelled differently in different extant copies of the Ars Goetia, as is common in texts of the period. Other spellings of the names are given in the articles concerning them.

  1. King Baal, ruler over 66 legions
  2. Duke Agares, ruler over 31 legions
  3. Prince Vassago, ruler over 26 legions
  4. Marquis Samigina, ruler over 30 legions
  5. President Marbas, ruler over 36 legions
  6. Duke Valefor, ruler over 10 legions
  7. Marquis Amon, ruler over 40 legions
  8. Duke Barbatos, ruler over 30 legions
  9. King Paimon, ruler over 200 legions
  10. President Buer, ruler over 50 legions
  11. Duke Gusion, ruler over 40 legions
  12. Prince Sitri, ruler over 60 legions
  13. King Beleth, ruler over 85 legions
  14. Marquis Leraje, ruler over 30 legions
  15. Duke Eligos, ruler over 60 legions
  16. Duke Zepar, ruler over 26 legions
  17. Count/President Botis, ruler over 60 legions
  18. Duke Bathin, ruler over 30 legions
  19. Duke Sallos, ruler over 30 legions
  20. King Purson, ruler over 22 legions
  21. Count/President Marax, ruler over 30 legions
  22. Count Ipos, ruler over 36 legions
  23. Duke Aim, ruler over 26 legions
  24. Marquis Naberius, ruler over 19 legions
  25. Count/President Glasya-Labolas, ruler over 36 legions
  26. Duke Bune, ruler over 30 legions
  27. Marquis/Count Ronove, ruler over 19 legions
  28. Duke Berith, ruler over 26 legions
  29. Duke Astaroth, ruler over 40 legions { Known to the Egyptians as Ishtar }
  30. Marquis Forneus, ruler over 29 legions
  31. President Foras, ruler over 29 legions
  32. King Asmoday, ruler over 72 legions
  33. Prince/President Gaap, ruler over 66 legions
  34. Count Furfur, ruler over 26 legions
  35. Marquis Marchosias, ruler over 30 legions
  36. Prince Stolas, ruler over 26 legions
  37. Marquis Phenex, ruler over 20 legions
  38. Count Halphas, ruler over 26 legions
  39. President Malphas, ruler over 40 legions
  40. Count Raum, ruler over 30 legions
  41. Duke Focalor, ruler over 30 legions
  42. Duke Vepar, ruler over 29 legions
  43. Marquis Sabnock, ruler over 50 legions
  44. Marquis Shax, ruler over 30 legions
  45. King/Count Vine, ruler over 36 legions
  46. Count Bifrons, ruler over 60 legions
  47. Duke Uval, ruler over 37 legions
  48. President Haagenti, ruler over 33 legions
  49. Duke Crocell, ruler over 48 legions
  50. Knight Furcas, ruler over 20 legions
  51. King Balam, ruler over 40 legions
  52. Duke Alloces, ruler over 36 legions
  53. President Caim, ruler over 30 legions
  54. Duke/Count Murmur, ruler over 30 legions
  55. Prince Orobas, ruler over 20 legions
  56. Duke Gremory, ruler over 26 legions
  57. President Ose, ruler over 30 legions
  58. President Amy, ruler over 36 legions
  59. Marquis Orias, ruler over 30 legions
  60. Duke Vapula, ruler over 36 legions
  61. King/President Zagan, ruler over 33 legions
  62. President Volac, ruler over 38 legions
  63. Marquis Andras, ruler over 30 legions
  64. Duke Haures, ruler over 36 legions
  65. Marquis Andrealphus, ruler over 30 legions
  66. Marquis Cimejes, ruler over 20 legions
  67. Duke Amdusias, ruler over 29 legions
  68. King Belial, ruler over 80 legions
  69. Marquis Decarabia, ruler over 30 legions
  70. Prince Seare, ruler over 26 legions
  71. Duke Dantalion, ruler over 36 legions
  72. Count Andromalius, ruler over 36 legions

Note: Asmodeus is listed as Asmoday.de:Ars Goetia

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