Ashkenazi Hebrew language

From Academic Kids

Template:Jewish language The Ashkenazi Hebrew language is a descendant of Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Ashkenazi Jewish practice. Its phonology was influenced by contact languages such as Yiddish and various Slavic languages. It survives today as a separate religious dialect even alongside Modern Hebrew in Israel.

As it is used parallel with Modern Hebrew, its phonological differences are clearly recognized:

  • א Template:UnicodeālepTemplate:Unicode and ע Template:Unicodeyin are completely silent at all times in Ashkenazi Hebrew, where they are frequently both pronounced as a glottal stop in Ashkenazi-style modern Hebrew. (Compare Yisroeil vs. Yisra'el.)
  • ת Template:Unicodeāw is pronounced /s/ in Ashkenazi Hebrew, unless there is a Dagesh in the ת. It would be always pronounced /t/ in Modern Hebrew, (Compare Shabbos vs. Shabbat.)
  • The vowel Template:Unicodeēr (/ē/) is always pronounced /ei/ in Ashkenazi Hebrew, where it would in some cases be pronounced /e/ in Modern Hebrew. (Compare Omein vs. Amen.)
  • The vowel qāmeTemplate:UnicodeTemplate:Unicodel (/ā/) is pronounced /o/ in Ashkenazi Hebrew, where it is /a/ in Modern Hebrew. (Compare Dovid vs. David.)
  • The vowel Template:Unicodelem (/ō/) is, depending on the subdialect, sometimes pronounced /u/, /ou/ or /oi/ in Ashkenazi Hebrew, where it is /o/ in Modern Hebrew. (Compare yud vs. yod.)

Although Modern Hebrew was based on Sephardi Hebrew, the language as spoken in Israel is essentially Sephardi Hebrew utilizing Mishnaic spelling, constrained to Ashkenazi Hebrew phonology, including the elimination of pharyngeal articulation and the conversion of /r/ from an alveolar flap to a voiced uvular fricative or trill. (See also Guttural R.)

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