Black Forest

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A  of , showing the Black Forest in .
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A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red.
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Feldberg.JPG
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A view in the Middle Black Forest.

The Black Forest (German Schwarzwald) is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Wrttemberg, southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 meters (4,898 feet).

Contents

Geography

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Geologically, the Black Forest consists of a cover of sandstone on top of a core of gneiss. During the last ice age, the Wrm glaciation, the Black Forest was covered by glaciers; several cirques such as the Mummelsee are remains of this period.

Rivers originating in the Black Forest include Danube, Enz, Kinzig, Murg, Neckar, and Rench. The Black Forest is part of the continental divide between the Atlantic Ocean watershed (drained by the Rhine) and the Black Sea watershed (drained by the Danube).

Administratively, the Black Forest belongs to the following counties; in the north: Enzkreis, Pforzheim, Rastatt, and Calw; in the middle: Freudenstadt, Ortenaukreis, and Rottweil; in the south: Emmendingen, Schwarzwald-Baar, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Lrrach, and Waldshut.

The forest mostly consists of firs; the main industry is tourism. Dialects spoken are Alemannic and Swabian.

Points of interest

The cities of Freiburg and Baden-Baden are popular tourist destinations on the western edge of the Black Forest; towns in the forest include Bad Herrenalb, Baiersbronn, Freudenstadt, Gengenbach, Schramberg, Staufen, Titisee-Neustadt, and Wolfach. Other popular destinations include such mountains as the Feldberg, the Belchen, the Kandel, and the Schauinsland; the Titisee and Schluchsee lakes; the Triberg Waterfalls, the highest waterfalls in Germany; and the gorge of the Wutach River.

The Vogtsbauernhfe is an open-air museum that shows the life of 16th or 17th century farmers in the region, featuring a number of reconstructed Black Forest farms. The German Clock Museum in Furtwangen shows the history of the clock industry and of watchmakers.

Popular culture

The Black Forest is known for its cuckoo clocks, and for Black Forest gateau.

List of highest mountains

ca:Selva Negra de:Schwarzwald es:Selva Negra fr:Fort-Noire it:Foresta Nera nl:Zwarte Woud ja:シュヴァルツヴァルト pl:Schwarzwald pt:Floresta Negra ru:Шварцвальд

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