Brazilian Federal District

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Statistics
Capital:Braslia
Area:5,802 km²
Inhabitants:2,051,146 (2000)
Pop. density:353.5 inh./km²
Timezone:UTC-3
ISO 3166-2:BR-DF
Map
Map of Brazil highlighting the Federal District

The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Braslia, the capital of Brazil. It is located inside the state of Gois.

History

The government was transferred to Distrito Federal in April 21 1960, which was then split off from Gois. Before the transfer, the Brazilian Federal District used to be the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. After the transfer, the municipality of Rio de Janeiro became the Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara), which existed from 1960 until 1975 when both the State of Guanabara and the State of Rio de Janeiro merged, to be named the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Originally, the majority of the population consisted of local workers who built the capital from nothing (called "Candangos") and federal government employees who were transfered to the new capital, Braslia. The capital is a thoroughly planned city with designated areas for residence, business, schools etc. No streets have names, but are identifed instead by letters and numbers arranged in a geographical system. Originally built for up to one million inhabitants, the city has recently grown way past this number. Due to its complex organization, the growth of the city itself has been slow. This has forced many to settle in neighboring cities around Braslia, which now house a significant percentage of the population of the Distrito Federal.

Flag

Flag of Federal District
larger image
The white color symbolizes peace, while the green and yellow colors in the middle refer to the national colors of Brazil. The four yellow arrows symbolize the native people of Brazil, their pointing into the four cardinal directions of the compass stands for the power emanating fro the center. The yellow arrows also form a cross, which symbolizes the Southern Cross carried by Pedro lvares Cabral. With their feathers they form a lozenge in the middle, another reference to the national flag of Brazil.

The flag was created by the poet and herald Guilherme de Almeida, and was adopted by decree no. 1090 from August 25 1969.

External links


Template:Brazil-geo-stubeo:Federacia Distrikto ja:ブラジリア連邦直轄区 ka:ფედერალური ოლქი (ბრაზილია) no:Distrito Federal pt:Distrito Federal (Brasil)

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