Carpatho-Ukraine

From Academic Kids

Carpatho-Ukraine (Template:Lang-ua, Karpats’ka Ukrayina), also called Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Підкарпатська Русь, Pidkarpats’ka Rus’), was an autonomous state within Czechoslovakia in 1938 and 1939. It declared itself an independent Ukrainian republic on March 15, 1939, but was annexed by Hungary within a few days.

History

In November 1938, under the First Vienna Award, which was a result of the Munich agreement, Czechoslovakia (and later Slovakia) was forced by Germany and Italy to cede the southern third of Slovakia and southern Carpathian Ruthenia to Hungary. The remainder of Carpathian Ruthenia received autonomy.

Following Adolf Hitler's seizure of Czechoslovakia in 1939, on March 15 Carpatho-Ruthenia declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine with Avhustyn Voloshyn as the head of state and was immediately invaded and annexed by Hungary. On March 23, Hungary annexed some further parts of eastern Slovakia starting from the Carpatho-Ukraine.

After World War II, in June 1945 a treaty ceding Carpatho-Ruthenia to the Soviet Union was signed between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. In 1946, the area was included into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

External links

  • Carpatho-Ukraine (http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkPath=pages\C\A\Carpatho6Ukraine.htm) at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  • Diet of Carpatho-Ukraine (http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?AddButton=pages\D\I\DietofCarpatho6Ukraine.htm) at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine


Template:Ukraine-stub

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