Chesham

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Chesham
OS Grid Reference:Template:Gbmappingsmall
Administration
District:Chiltern
County:Buckinghamshire
Region:South East England
Nation:England
Other
Ceremonial County:Buckinghamshire
Traditional County:Buckinghamshire
Post Office and Telephone
Post town:CHESHAM
Postcode:HP5
Dialling Code:01494

Template:GBdot

Missing image
CheshamPondParkView.jpg
Looking over Chesham from Milton Road (on the hill)

Chesham is a town in the Chiltern Hills, Buckinghamshire, the fourth largest in the county, and is situated in the Chess Valley. It has a tube station, which is the last station on the spur off the Metropolitan Line.

The first recorded reference to Chesham, or Cestreham, was in the will of Lady Elgiva, although there is evidence of Roman settlement in the area including the planting of grapevines near the Balks and a villa downstream at Latimer.

Chesham is mentioned in 1012AD as Cæstæleshamm, which is Anglo-Saxon for "the river-meadow at the pile of stones".

Chesham has a long history of religious diversity, such as the persecuted Lollards of the 15th century and the famous bible translator Thomas Harding, martyred on White Hill, near Dungrove Farm, in 1532. The 18th and 19th centuries saw the rapid growth of Baptists, Methodists and Spiritualists and the later 20th century saw the establishment of a sizable Muslim community.

In the 19th century Chesham was known for its "four B's"; boots, brushes, beer and baptists. All these industries declined and the main product of the town has become commuters.

Although most people in Buckinghamshire pronounce the town as "Chesh-um", some residents insist on pronouncing it "Chess-am".

The Bovingdon stack lies above the town.

External links

Template:UK-geo-stub

Missing image
Arms-chesham.jpg
Arms of Chesham Town Council
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