Chesterfield

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Borough of Chesterfield
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Chesterfield_-_Derbyshire_dot.png
Chesterfield

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DerbyshireChesterfield.png
Chesterfield


Shown within Derbyshire
Geography
Status:Borough
Region:East Midlands
Admin. County:Derbyshire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 284th
66.04 km²
Admin. HQ:Chesterfield
ONS code:17UD
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 217th
99,496
1,507 / km²
Ethnicity:98.1% White
Politics
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Chesterfieldarms.PNG



Chesterfield Borough Council
http://www.chesterfieldbc.gov.uk/
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
Executive:Liberal Democrats
MPs:Natasha Engel, Paul Holmes

Chesterfield is a market town and district in Derbyshire, a county in England. It lies south of Sheffield, on a confluence of the rivers Rother and Hipper, and has a population of approximately 100,000. It is located at Template:Coor dm.

It received its market charter in the year 1204 from King John.

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Crooked_Spire.jpg
The crooked spire

Chesterfield benefitted greatly from the building of the Chesterfield Line - part of the Derby to Leeds railway (North Midland Line), which was begun in 1837 by George Stephenson. During its construction, a sizable seam of coal was discovered. This and the local ironstone were promptly exploited by Stephenson who set up a company to trade in the minerals.

During his time in Chesterfield, Stephenson lived at Tapton House, and remained there in his retirement. He is interred in Trinity Church.

Chesterfield is perhaps best known for the "crooked spire" of its Church of Saint Mary and All Saints. The twisted spire leans 9 feet 5 inches from its true centre. The twisting is probably the result of unseasoned timbers or insufficient cross-bracing, although there are other explanations: One is that the spire was so shocked to learn of the marriage of a virgin in the church that it bent down to get a closer look. Another is that a Bolsover blacksmith mis-shoed the Devil, who leaped over the spire in pain, knocking it out of shape.

The Channel Tunnel between England and France used boring machines manufactured in Chesterfield by the company Markham & Co., which no longer exists in the town.

Famous people to come from Chesterfield include Baron Bowden, footballer Bob Wilson, glamour model Jo Guest and actor John Hurt.

Chesterfield is twinned with:


Districts of England - East Midlands Flag of England

Amber Valley | Ashfield | Bassetlaw | Blaby | Bolsover | Boston | Broxtowe | Charnwood | Chesterfield | Corby | Daventry | Derby | Derbyshire Dales | East Lindsey | East Northamptonshire | Erewash | Gedling | Harborough | High Peak | Hinckley and Bosworth | Kettering | Leicester | Lincoln | Mansfield | Melton | Newark and Sherwood | Northampton | North East Derbyshire | North Kesteven | North West Leicestershire | Nottingham | Oadby and Wigston | Rushcliffe | Rutland | South Derbyshire | South Holland | South Kesteven | South Northamptonshire | Wellingborough | West Lindsey

Administrative counties with multiple districts: Derbyshire - Leicestershire - Lincolnshire - Northamptonshire - Nottinghamshire

de:Chesterfield (Derbyshire)
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