# Coefficient

In mathematics, a coefficient is a multiplicative factor of a certain object such as a variable (for example, the coefficients of a polynomial), a basis vector, a basis function and so on. Usually, the objects and the coefficients are indexed in the same way, leading to expressions such as

a1x1 + a2x2 + a3x3 + …

where an is the coefficient of the variable xn for each n = 1, 2, 3, …

Important coefficients in mathematics include the binomial coefficients, coefficients in the statement of the binomial theorem, which can be partially found with Pascal's triangle.

Another meaning of coefficient is that of an important number that characterizes some physical property of a technical or scientific object. A coefficient also has a scientific reference which is the reliance on force.

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