Congress of the CPSU

From Academic Kids

The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors. During the history, the name was changed according to the then current name of the party. The frequency of party congresses also varied with the meetings being annual events in the 1920s while no Congress was held at all between 1939 to 1952. After the death of Joseph Stalin the Congresses were held every five years.

The First Congress of RSDLP, was held in 1898, Minsk, Belarus of Imperial Russia.

The Second Congress, 1903, Belgium, resulted into the party's split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions which eventually became parties in their own right.

Theoretically, the Congress was the supreme ruling body of the entire Party. Between the congresses the party was ruled by the Central Committee, abbreviated as ЦК, "Tseka".

In the course of time it had eventually become an organ of rubberstamping, propaganda, and dissemination of the decisions of the Politburo, known from 1952 to 1966 as the Presidium.

See also: Organization of the Communist Party of the USSR

List of Party Congresses

Number Dates PlaceComments


1 1-3 [14-16] Mar 1898 Minsk, Russian EmpireRDSLP founding conference
217 [30] Jul - 10 [23] Aug 1903 Brussels, Belgium and London, UKRDSLP splits into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions.
3 12-27 Apr [25 Apr - 10 May] 1905 London, UK
4 10-25 Apr [23 Apr - 8 May] 1906 Stockholm, Sweden
5 30 Apr - 19 May [13 May - 1 Jun] 1907 London, UK Failed attempt by Bolsheviks and Mensheviks to reconcile
626 Jul - 3 Aug [8-16 Aug] 1917Moscow, RussiaHeld between revolutions
76-8 Mar 1918 Moscow, Russian SFSRParty becomes All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
818-23 Mar 1919 Moscow, Russian SFSR
929 Mar - 5 Apr 1920 Moscow, Russian SFSR
108-16 Mar 1921 Moscow, Russian SFSRInternal party factions banned
1127 Mar - 2 Apr 1922 Moscow, Russian SFSR
1217-25 Apr 1923Moscow, USSR
1323-31 May 1924Moscow, USSRFirst Congress since Lenin's death
1418-31 Dec 1925Moscow, USSRParty becomes All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
152-19 Dec 1927 Moscow, USSRStalin's power consolidated
16 26 Jun - 13 Jul 1930 Moscow, USSR
1726 Jan - 10 Feb 1934 Moscow, USSRParty becomes Communist Party of Soviet Union (Bolshevik)- vote for Politburo shows Kirov most popular member, Stalin least popular.
1810-21 Mar 1939 Moscow, USSRFirst congress after Great Purge.
195-14 Oct 1952 Moscow, USSRParty becomes Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Stalin's last Congress
2014-25 Feb 1956 Moscow, USSRKhrushchev's Secret Speech denouncing Stalin
2127 Jan - 5 Feb 1959Moscow, USSR
2217-31 Oct 1961 Moscow, USSR
2329 Mar - 8 Apr 1966 Moscow, USSR
2430 Mar - 9 Apr 1971 Moscow, USSR
2524 Feb - 5 Mar 1976 Moscow, USSR
2623 Feb - 3 Mar 1981Moscow, USSR
2725 Feb - 6 Mar 1986 Moscow, USSR
282-13 Jul 1990 Moscow, USSRParty passes resolution for end to monopoly on power
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