Eight-thousander

From Academic Kids

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The eight-thousanders are the fourteen mountains on Earth that are higher than 8,000 metres (26,427 feet) measured from sea level. They are all located in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges in Asia.

The first person to climb all fourteen eight-thousanders was Reinhold Messner. He completed this task on October 16 1986. One year later, in 1987, Jerzy Kukuczka was the second man to do so, and as of 2005, a total of thirteen people have done the same.

List of eight-thousanders

Peak Height Location First Ascent First ascensionist(s)
Everest 8850 m China/Nepal May 29, 1953 Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay
K2 8611 m China/Pakistan July 31, 1954 Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli
Kanchenjunga 8586 m India/Nepal May 25, 1955 George Band and Joe Brown
Lhotse 8516 m China/Nepal May 18, 1956 Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss
Makalu 8463 m China/Nepal May 15, 1955 Jean Couzy and Lionel Terray
Cho Oyu 8201 m China/Nepal October 19, 1954 Joseph Joechler, Pasang Dawa Lama, and Herbert Tichy
Dhaulagiri 8167 m Nepal May 13, 1960 Kurt Diemberger, Peter Diener, Nawang Dorje, Nima Dorje, Ernst Forrer, and Albin Schelbert
Manaslu 8163 m Nepal May 9, 1956 Toshia Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu
Nanga Parbat 8126 m Pakistan July 3, 1953 Hermann Buhl
Annapurna 8091 m Nepal June 3, 1950 Maurice Herzog, Louis Lachenal
Gasherbrum I 8068 m China/Pakistan July 5, 1958 Andrew Kauffman, Peter Schoening
Broad Peak 8047 m China/Pakistan June 9, 1957 Hermann Buhl, Kurt Diemberger, Marcus Schmuck, and Fritz Wintersteller
Gasherbrum II 8035 m China/Pakistan July 8, 1956 Josef Larch, Fritz Moravec, Hans Willenpart
Shishapangma 8027 m China May 2, 1964 Ten climbers led by Hsu Ching

Climbers that have reached the summit of all eight-thousanders

Name Year Nationality
1 Reinhold Messner 1970-1986 Italian
2 Jerzy Kukuczka 1979-1987 Polish
3 Erhard Loretan 1982-1995 Swiss
4 Carlos Carsolio 1985-1996 Mexican
5 Krzysztof Wielicki 1980-1996 Polish
6 Juanito Oiarzabal 1985-1999 Spanish
7 Sergio Martini 1976-2000 Italian
8 Park Young Seok 1993-2000 Korean
9 Hong-Gil Um 1993-2001 Korean
10 Alberto Inurrategi 1991-2002 Spanish
11 Hang Wang Yong ?-2003 Korean
12 Ed Viesturs 1989-2005 American
13 Alan Hinkes 1987-2005 British

External links

es:Ochomil fr:Sommets de plus de huit mille mtres ja:8000メートル峰 pl:Ośmiotysięcznik sl:Osemtisočak

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