Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan

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Emperor Sakuramachi (桜町天皇) (February 8, 1720 - May 28, 1750) was the 115th imperial ruler of Japan. He reigned from April 13, 1734 to June 9, 1747. His personal name was Teruhito (昭仁) and his title was ?? (若宮).

Genealogy

He was the firstborn son of Emperor Nakamikado. He had three children by two women:

  • Court lady Nijō ?? (二条舎子)
    • First daughter: Princess Moriko (?) (盛子内親王)
    • Second daughter: Princess Toshiko (智子内親王) (Empress Go-Sakuramachi)
  • Lady-in-waiting Anekōji Sadako (?) (姉小路定子)

Life

In 1728, he became Crown Prince. In 1734, he became Emperor upon the abdication of his father, Emperor Nakamikado. In 1747, he abdicated in favor of Emperor Momozono. In 1750, he died at the age of 31.

He was said to be the reincarnation of Prince Shōtoku. With the support of Tokugawa Yoshimune, he worked for the restoration of Imperial rites, bringing back the Daijōsai (大嘗祭, the first ceremonial rice-offering by a newly-enthroned Emperor) and the Shinjōsai (新嘗祭, a ceremonial rice-offering by the Emperor) among others, and concentrated on restoring other courtesies. It is also said that he was a capable author of tanka.

Eras of his reign


Preceded by:
Nakamikado
Emperor of Japan
1735-1747
Succeeded by:
Momozono

Template:End boxde:Sakuramachi ja:桜町天皇 zh:櫻町天皇

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