Esophageal varices

From Academic Kids

In medicine (gastroenterology), esophageal varices are extreme dilations of sub-mucosal veins in the mucosa of the esophagus in diseases featuring portal hypertension, secondary to cirrhosis primarily.

Patients with esophageal varices have a strong tendency to develop bleeding.

Esophageal varices are disagnosed with endoscopy.

Treatment

In emergency situations, the care is directed at stopping blood loss, and maintaining plasma volume.

See also

Other causes of GI bleeding include:

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Health science - Medicine - Gastroenterology
Diseases of the esophagus - stomach
Halitosis - Nausea - Vomiting - GERD - Achalasia - Esophageal cancer - Esophageal varices - Peptic ulcer - Abdominal pain - Stomach cancer - Functional dyspepsia
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