Frederick V of Denmark

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Statue of Frederick V in the center of Amalienborg

Frederick V (March 31, 1723 - January 13, 1766) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1746, son of Christian VI of Denmark and Sophie Magdelena, Markgravin of Brandenburg-Kalmbach-Bayreuth.

He was first married to Louise of Great Britain and Ireland, daughter of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. They were parents of seven children but only five survived birth:

Louise died on 19 December, 1751). Frederick married a second time to Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. They were parents of seven additional children. They notably included

King Frederick was also the father of five illegitimate children by Else Hansen.

(Within one hundred years of his time, Denmark faced the situation of his male issue (the main branch of the Royal House) going extinct. This created a succession crisis beginning from his grandson's reign, affecting both Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein. Finally, his great-grandson by female line, Christian IX of Denmark, who was married with his great-granddaughter Louise of Hesse, became the designated heir.)

He founded the Royal Danish Academy of Art (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi) in Copenhagen, which officially opened on March 31, 1754, his 31st birthday.

Frederick avoided involving Denmark in the European wars of his time. The country remained neutral even for the duration of the Seven Years' War (1756 - 1763) despite its proximity to combatants Russia and Sweden.

He died after 43 years of life and twenty years of reign. His last words were reportedly: "It is a great consolation to me in my last hour that I have never wilfully offended anyone and that there is not a drop of blood on my hands."


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