Frederiksberg

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Template:Frederiksberg Infobox Frederiksberg is a municipality of Denmark. It is the fifth largest and most densely populated municipality of Denmark. Frederiksberg is located as an enclave in the municipality of Copenhagen, the national capital. Together with Copenhagen, it is the only municipality which does not belong to any of the Counties of Denmark.

History

The municipality was originally situated west of Copenhagen, but after a number of smaller municipalities where merged with Copenhagen (1901), it is completely surrounded by it.

The history of Frederiksberg goes back to June 2, 1651. Then King Frederik III gave 20 Danish—Dutch peasants, the rights to settle at Allegade and founded the town then named “Ny Amager” or “Ny Hollænderby”. Farming was not good and in 1697 most of the town burned down. This meant that the peasants where unable to pay taxes and the land reverted back to the crown.

In 1700-1703 King Frederik IV built a chateau on top of the hill known as Valby Bakke. He named the chateau Frederichs Berg and the rebuilt town at the foot of the hill changed name to Frederiksberg. A number of the houses in the town that bought by wealthy citizens of Copenhagen, who didn’t farm the land, but rather used it as country houses.

Slowly the town changed from a farming community, to a merchant town, with craftsmen and merchants. During the summer, rooms offered for rent and restaurants served food to the people of Copenhagen who left the cramped city for the open land and to be near the royals.

Initially the town grew slowly (population 1,000 in 1770; 1,200 in 1800 and 3,000 in 1850). In 1852 parliament removed the “demarcation line” around Copenhagen, which prohibited permanent construction outside the walls.

Almost immediately numerous residential areas where constructed, starting in the eastern part near Copenhagen and ending in the western part farthest away from Copenhagen in 1950. This of course led to a population growth; in 1900 the population reached 80,000 and 1950 the city peaked with a population of 120,000.

Today the city consists entirely of 3-5 story residential houses, large single family homes and large parks. On aerial pictures Frederiksberg stands out from the surrounding city of Copenhagen as a green area with few large roads. It is considered as one of the more prestigious areas in the Copenhagen to live.

Mayors

See also

Frederiksberg Kommune (http://www.frederiksberg.dk/English.aspx)

da:Frederiksberg

de:Frederiksberg nl:Frederiksberg pt:Frederiksberg sv:Frederiksberg

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