Fujiko Fujio

From Academic Kids

Fujiko Fujio (藤子 不二雄, IPA: ) was the pen name of a Japanese cartoon artist (manga-ka) duo. In 1987, the duo broke up and became known as Fujiko F. Fujio and Fujiko Fujio (A):

  • Fujiko F. Fujio (藤子・F・不二雄, b. December 1, 1933 - d. September 23, 1996). His autonym: Hiroshi Fujimoto (藤本弘 Fujimoto Hiroshi).
    • 1973 Japanese Manga Artist Associations excellent prize for Doraemon (日本漫画家協会 (http://www.nihonmangakakyokai.or.jp/)優秀賞)
    • 1981 Kawasaki Citys Cultural Prize (川崎市文化賞)
    • 1982 Shogakukans Children Manga Prize for Doraemon (小学館漫画賞 (http://www.shogakukan.co.jp/mangasho/)児童部門)
    • 1989 Film Special Meritorious Prize (映画特別功労賞), and Golden Gloss Prize (ゴールデングロス賞)
    • 1992 Japanese Manga Artist Associations prize of the Minister of Education (日本漫画家協会文部大臣賞)
    • 1997 the first Osamu Tezuka Manga Grand Prize for Doraemon (第1回手塚治虫文化賞 (http://www.asahi.com/tezuka/)マンガ大賞)
  • Fujiko Fujio (A) (藤子不二雄A, b. March 10, 1934 - ) His autonym: Motoo Abiko (安孫子素雄 Abiko Motoo).
    • 1990 Prize of Masumi Fujimoto (藤本真澄賞) and Special Prize of Fumiko Yamaji (山路ふみ子特別賞) for a film Shonen Jidai (映画「少年時代」)


Contents

Works

Fujiko Fujio's major works

  • Obake no Q-taro (1964-1969, 1971-1974; ghost Q-taro; オバケのQ太郎)

Fujiko F. Fujio's major works

  • Perman (1966-1968, 1983-1986; パーマン)
  • 21-emon (1968-1969, 1981; the 21st-generation boy; 21エモン)
  • Moja-ko (1969-1970; Prince Moja; モジャ公)
  • Ume-boshi Denka (1969; the Ume Planet prince; ウメ星デンカ)
  • Doraemon (1970-1996; ドラえもん)
  • Kiteretsu Daihyakka (1974-1977; the Kiteretsu's Encyclopaedia; キテレツ大百科)
  • Esper Mami (1977-1982; エスパー魔美)
  • Chimpui (1985, 1987-1988; チンプイ)

Fujiko Fujio (A)'s major works

  • Ninja Hattori-kun (1964-1968, 1981-1988; 忍者ハットリくん)
  • Kaibutsu-kun (1965-1969, 1980-1982; 1972; 怪物くん)
  • Warau Salesman (1968-1971, 1989-1996; smiling salesman; 笑ウせえるすまん)
  • Manga-michi (1970-1972, 1977-1982, 1986; 1986-1988; 1989-1990, 1995 - ; the road to a comic artist;まんが道)
  • Mataro Ga Kuru!! (1972-1975; Mataro is coming; 魔太郎がくる!!)
  • Pro Golfer Saru (1974-1980; 1982-1988; 1989; 1999 - ; プロゴルファー猿)
  • Shadow Shokai Henkiro (1976-1977; Henkiro's Shadow Company; シャドウ商会変奇郎)
  • Shonen Jidai (1978-1979; the boyhood; 少年時代)

History

Both Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motoo Abiko were born in Toyama, Japan (Hiroshi, 1933; Motoo, 1934). When Hiroshi was an elementary school student (1944), Motoo changed to the school where Hiroshi attended. They found themselves both liked drawing. After entering junior high school, they have got along although they went to different schools. During junior high school students (1946 1948), they were shocked by reading a comic book written by Osamu Tezuka (手塚治虫), Shin-Takarajima (新宝島 [new treasure island]). They published manga coterie magazines on their own. They were impressed by Tezukas Lost World (ロスト ワールド) and Disneys Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and they wrote fan letters to them. When they became high school students, they started writing manga for the readers' columns of various publishers. They made their debut in Tenshi no Tama-chan (天使の玉ちゃん [an angel Tama-chan]). They earned money from this, so they visited Tezukas house in Takarazuka, Hyogo, before the graduation of the high schools.

Because both Hiroshi and Motoo are the eldest son, they decided to enter a company after graduating the high school (1952). Hiroshi entered a confectionery company, and Motoo entered a local newspaper publishing company. However, Hiroshi quickly quit the job because of injury. Motoo managed to be consistent with manga. While Motoo were working for the company, Hiroshi has taken a central role in contributing serial manga. At this time, their pen name was Ashizuka Fujio. In 1953 they achieved to publish in book form (UTOPIA: Saigo no Sekai Taisen; UTOPIA最後の世界大戦 [Utopia: the last world war]). Next year (1954), they decided to go to Tokyo in order to become manga-ka. They made a group of manga-ka, called Shin Manga-to (新漫画党 [new manga party]: the first period, 1954 1955; the second period, 1955  ?), with Hiroo Terada (寺田ヒロオ) and others. At first, Hiroshi and Motoo lodged at Ryogoku; however, afterwards they moved to an apartment of Tokiwa-so (トキワ荘) where Hiroo lived.

They continued to draw manga day after day. A lot of editors of manga publishers visited and asked Fujiko Fujio to write serial manga. They became a popular manga-ka. However, they have lost their job during 1955 through the early 1956 because on the New Year of 1955 they returned home, and they relaxed so much that they missed the deadlines of nearly all manga. After this happening, they recovered trust by a miracle. In 1959, they left Tokiwa-so, and moved to Usagi-so (ウサギ荘), and then moved to Kawasaki, Yokohama. Hiroshi got marry in 1962 (at 28 years old). Next year, Fujiko Fujio received a prize for their manga from Shogakukan (http://www.shogakukan.co.jp/) (小学館).

Hiroshi and Motoo established Studio Zero (スタジオ・ゼロ; 1963 1971) with Shinichi Suzuki (鈴木伸一), Shotaro Ishinomori (石ノ森章太郎), Jiro Tsunoda (つのだじろう), Kiyoichi Tsunoda (角田喜代一), and one employee. Later Fujio Akatsuka (赤塚不二夫) joined, and the studio finally hired about 80 employees. They produced animated a lot of animated films, for example, Astro Boy (鉄腕アトム) of Osamu Tezuka was the first big enterprise. Fujiko Fujio revived a popular manga-ka again by Obake no Q-taro (1964). Both of them continued to write popular manga: Ninja Hattori-kun (Abiko 1964), Kaibutsu-kun (Abiko 1965), Parman (Fujimoto 1966), 21-emon (Fujimoto 1968), etc. Motoo got married in 1966 (at 32 years old).

Hiroshi started writing Doraemon (1970), and at the same time he started writing complete manga for young people. Doraemon at first did not attract childrens attention. However, three years later, Doraemon was animated on TV, and he was a popular character nationwide. Hiroshi was awarded for Doraemon by Nihon Manga-ka Association in 1973. On the other hand, Motoo wrote Black Salesman (later re-entitled Warau Salesman), autobiographical Manga-michi, etc. Motoos manga aims for the youngster rather than children while Hiroshi aimed for children.

Both Hiroshi and Motoo travelled around the world. Motoo wrote manga about Mao Zedong based on a trip to China. A lot of trips helped Hiroshi to write manga, especially T/P Bon (T・Pぼん; 1978).

In 1988, Hiroshi and Motoo put a stop to a pair, and since then, they have worked independently.

Since 1980, Hiroshi has written a series of long piece manga of Doraemon every year until he died. The manga series were animated on the screen, and every year the animated films were a gold mine for the movie industry. In 1989, Hiroshi won two awards for the Doraemon movie. Motoos Hattori-kun and Pro Golfer Saru (1974) were also animated with Doraemon on the screen.id:Fujiko Fujio ja:藤子不二雄 zh:藤子不二雄 zh-min-nan:Huziko Huzio

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