Geography of Kazakhstan

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Missing image
Kz-map.png
Map of Kazakhstan

This article describes the geography of Kazakhstan.

Location
Central Asia, northwest of China
Geographic coordinates
Template:Coor dm
Map references
Commonwealth of Independent States
Area
  • Total: 2,717,300 km²
  • Land: 2,669,800 km²
  • Water: 47,500 km²
Area--comparative
About two times the size of Alaska
Land boundaries
Coastline
0 km (landlocked). Kazakhstan borders the Aral Sea, now split into two bodies of water (1,070 km), and the Caspian Sea (1,894 km).
Maritime claims
None (landlocked)
Climate
Continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
Terrain
Extends from the Volga to the Altai Mountains and from the plains in western Siberia to oases and desert in Central Asia
Elevation extremes
Natural resources
Major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium
Land use
  • Arable land: 12%
  • Permanent crops: 11%
  • Permanent pastures: 57%
  • Forests and woodland:4%
  • Other: 16% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land
22,000 km² (1996 est.)
Natural hazards
Earthquakes in the south, mud slides around Almaty
Environment--current issues
Radioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with its former defense industries and test ranges are found throughout the country and pose health risks for humans and animals; industrial pollution is severe in some cities; because the two main rivers which flowed into the Aral Sea have been diverted for irrigation, it is drying up and leaving behind a harmful layer of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then picked up by the wind and blown into noxious dust storms; pollution in the Caspian Sea; soil pollution from overuse of agricultural chemicals and salination from poor infrastructure and wasteful irrigation practices
Environment--international agreements
Geography - note
Landlocked

See also

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