Geography of Nepal

From Academic Kids

Map of Nepal

This article describes the geography of Nepal.

Location
Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates
Template:Coor dm
Map references
Asia
Area
  • Total: 140,800 km²
  • Land: 136,800 km²
  • Water: 4,000 km²
Area - comparative
Slightly larger than Arkansas
Land boundaries
  • Total: 2,926 km
  • Border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
Coastline
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
None (landlocked)
Climate
Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain
Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes
  • Lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
  • Highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (1999 est.), the highest mountain on Earth as measured from sea level
Natural resources
Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land use
  • Arable land: 20.27%
  • Permanent crops: 0.49%
  • Other: 79.24% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land
11,350 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards
Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Environment - current issues
Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions
Environment - international agreements
  • Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
  • Signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note
Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks

References

Some information in this article has been taken from the CIA World Factbook, 2003 edition.

See also

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