ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

From Academic Kids

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes; they form the best known part of the standard ISO 3166-1 and (with a few changes) are used for Internet domain names.

Contents

Uses and applications

The codes are used in different environments and are also part of other standards. In some cases they are not perfectly implemented.

Perfect implementations

The two-letter ISO 3166-1 codes are used in International Bank Account Numbers, the ISO 6166 International securities identification numbering (ISIN) system, ISO 7372, ISO 9375, the ISO/IEC 7501-1 machine readable travel documents standard, UN/LOCODE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Recommendation 16, for encoding names of ports).

The codes also form the first two letters of the three-letter ISO 4217 standard codes for currencies.

Imperfect implementations

Starting in 1985, the two-letter codes have been used in domain names on the Internet, where they are used to form country code top-level domains, with some exceptions e.g. United Kingdom, where the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority did not follow the ISO 3166-1 and used UK instead of GB. For a complete list of exceptions, see the country code top-level domain article.

WIPO standard ST.3 (for encoding country which issued a patent or trademark).

Changes

Changes to ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 are tracked by ISO 3166-3.

Current elements

Note that AA, ZZ and the ranges QM-QZ and XA-XZ are reserved for private use. If a country code cannot be found in the list then it is probably obsolete, in which case it should be found in the list of obsolete country codes, further below.

The following is intended to be a complete list of current ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes.

Current Two-letter Codes
Alpha-2Country/Region
ADAndorra
AEUnited Arab Emirates
AFAfghanistan
AGAntigua and Barbuda
AIAnguilla (AI previously represented French Afars and Issas)
ALAlbania
AMArmenia
ANNetherlands Antilles
AOAngola
AQAntarctica (defined here as everything south of latitude 60°S)
ARArgentina
ASAmerican Samoa
ATAustria
AUAustralia (including Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands)
AWAruba
AXÅland Islands
AZAzerbaijan
BABosnia and Herzegovina
BBBarbados
BDBangladesh
BEBelgium
BFBurkina Faso
BGBulgaria
BHBahrain
BIBurundi
BJBenin
BMBermuda
BNBrunei Darussalam
BOBolivia
BRBrazil
BSBahamas
BTBhutan
BVBouvet Island
BWBotswana
BYBelarus
BZBelize
CACanada
CCCocos (Keeling) Islands
CDDemocratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire)
CFCentral African Republic
CGCongo (Republic of the Congo)
CHSwitzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica)
CICôte d'Ivoire (formerly Ivory Coast)
CKCook Islands
CLChile
CMCameroon
CNChina (People's Republic of China)
COColombia
CRCosta Rica
CSSerbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia) (CS previously represented Czechoslovakia)
CUCuba
CVCape Verde
CXChristmas Island
CYCyprus
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany (Deutschland)
DJDjibouti
DKDenmark
DMDominica
DODominican Republic
DZAlgeria
ECEcuador
EEEstonia
EGEgypt
EHWestern Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara)
EREritrea
ESSpain (España)
ETEthiopia
FIFinland
FJFiji
FKFalkland Islands
FMFederated States of Micronesia
FOFaroe Islands
FRFrance
GAGabon
GBUnited Kingdom (including Isle of Man and Channel Islands)
GDGrenada
GEGeorgia (GE previously represented the Gilbert and Ellice Islands)
GFFrench Guiana
GHGhana
GIGibraltar
GLGreenland
GMGambia
GNGuinea
GPGuadeloupe
GQEquatorial Guinea
GRGreece
GSSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
GTGuatemala
GUGuam
GWGuinea-Bissau
GYGuyana
HKHong Kong
HMHeard Island and McDonald Islands
HNHonduras
HRCroatia (Hrvatska)
HTHaiti
HUHungary
IDIndonesia
IEIreland
ILIsrael
INIndia
IOBritish Indian Ocean Territory (including Diego Garcia)
IQIraq
IRIran
ISIceland
ITItaly
JMJamaica
JOJordan
JPJapan
KEKenya
KGKyrgyzstan
KHCambodia
KIKiribati
KMComoros
KNSaint Kitts and Nevis
KPDemocratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
KRRepublic of Korea (South Korea)
KWKuwait
KYCayman Islands
KZKazakhstan
LALao People's Democratic Republic (Laos)
LBLebanon
LCSaint Lucia
LILiechtenstein
LKSri Lanka
LRLiberia
LSLesotho
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
LVLatvia
LYLibyan Arab Jamahiriya (Libya)
MAMorocco
MCMonaco
MDMoldova
MGMadagascar
MHMarshall Islands
MKFormer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
MLMali
MMMyanmar (Burma)
MNMongolia
MOMacao (Macau)
MPNorthern Mariana Islands
MQMartinique
MRMauritania
MSMontserrat
MTMalta
MUMauritius
MVMaldives
MWMalawi
MXMexico
MYMalaysia
MZMozambique
NANamibia
NCNew Caledonia
NENiger
NFNorfolk Island
NGNigeria
NINicaragua
NLNetherlands
NONorway
NPNepal
NRNauru
NUNiue
NZNew Zealand
OMOman
PAPanama
PEPeru
PFFrench Polynesia (including Clipperton Island)
PGPapua New Guinea
PHPhilippines
PKPakistan
PLPoland
PMSaint-Pierre and Miquelon
PNPitcairn Islands
PRPuerto Rico
PS Palestinian Territories (i.e., West Bank and Gaza Strip)
PTPortugal
PWPalau
PYParaguay
QAQatar
RERéunion
RORomania
RURussia
RWRwanda
SASaudi Arabia
SBSolomon Islands
SCSeychelles
SDSudan
SESweden
SGSingapore
SHSaint Helena (including Ascension Island and other dependencies)
SISlovenia
SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
SKSlovakia (SK previously represented Sikkim)
SLSierra Leone
SMSan Marino
SNSenegal
SOSomalia
SRSuriname
STSão Tomé and Príncipe
SVEl Salvador
SYSyrian Arab Republic (Syria)
SZSwaziland
TCTurks and Caicos Islands
TDChad (Tchad)
TFFrench Southern Territories
TGTogo
THThailand
TJTajikistan
TKTokelau
TLTimor-Leste (East Timor)
TMTurkmenistan
TNTunisia
TOTonga
TRTurkey
TTTrinidad and Tobago
TVTuvalu
TWTaiwan (Republic of China)
TZUnited Republic of Tanzania
UAUkraine
UGUganda
UMUnited States Minor Outlying Islands
USUnited States
UYUruguay
UZUzbekistan
VAHoly See (Vatican City State)
VCSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
VEVenezuela
VGBritish Virgin Islands
VIU.S. Virgin Islands
VNViet Nam (Vietnam)
VUVanuatu
WFWallis and Futuna
WSSamoa (formerly Western Samoa)
YEYemen
YTMayotte
ZASouth Africa (Zuid Afrika)
ZMZambia
ZWZimbabwe

ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 Reserved Code Elements list

Reserved code elements are codes which, while not ISO 3166-1 codes, are in use for some applications in conjunction with the ISO 3166 codes. The ISO 3166 MA therefore reserves them, so that they are not used for new official ISO 3166 codes, thereby creating conflicts between the standard and those applications. The alpha-2 reserved code elements list, as of July 23, 2003, is divided into the following four categories.

Transitional reservations

A transitional reservation refers to a code which was formerly present in ISO 3166, but which since has been deleted. It will be maintained as a transitional reservation for at least five years, for the sake of users who still need to refer to the former entity or whose systems have not yet been updated to refer to the new code. The transitionally reserved alpha-2 code elements are:

Transitionally Reserved Two-letter Codes
Alpha-2Country
BUBurma (now Myanmar, MM)
NTNeutral Zone, partitioned between Saudi Arabia and Iraq in 1983.
SFFinland (now FI)
SUUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics (several successor codes; still used as ccTLD)
TPEast Timor (now Timor-Leste, TL)
YUYugoslavia (now Serbia and Montenegro, CS)
ZRZaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo, CD)

Indeterminate reservations

The indeterminately reserved alpha-2 code elements are code elements used to identify vehicles under the 1949 and 1968 United Nations Road Traffic Conventions. These codes differ from those used in ISO 3166. The ISO 3166 MA hopes that these codes will eventually be phased out and that ISO 3166-1 codes will be used instead; but in the meantime they are reserved, to avoid conflicts between ISO 3166-1 and the Conventions, and to facilitate any transition from the Convention codes to ISO 3166-1 codes. These codes are as follows:

Indeterminately Reserved Two-letter Codes
Alpha-2Country
DYBenin 1
EWEstonia 1
FLLiechtenstein 2
JAJamaica 3
LFLibya Fezzan 2
LTLibya Tripoli 2 (Note that LT has since been reassigned to Lithuania.)
MEWestern Sahara 2
PIPhilippines 3
RAArgentina 3
RBBolivia 2,5
RBBotswana 3,5
RCChina (People's Republic of China) 3
RHHaiti 1
RIIndonesia 3
RLLebanon 3
RMMadagascar 3
RNNiger 4
RPPhilippines 4
RUBurundi 2 (Note that RU has since been reassigned to the Russian Federation.)
WGGrenada 1
WLSaint Lucia 1
WVSaint Vincent 1
YVVenezuela 1

Notes:

  1. Code notified to United Nations Secretary-General under 1949 and/or 1968 Road Traffic Conventions
  2. Code in use for road transport purposes, but not notified to United Nations Secretary-General under 1949 Road Traffic Convention
  3. Code under 1949 Road Traffic Convention
  4. Code under 1968 Road Traffic Convention
  5. This code is in use to refer to both Bolivia and Botswana

Exceptional reservations

Exceptionally reserved alpha-2 code elements are reserved permanently because they are needed for particular purposes. ISO 3166 MA only authorizes their use for the particular purpose for which they were established. The list is as follows:

Exceptionally Reserved Two-letter Codes
Alpha-2Country
ACAscension Island - Reserved on request of UPU (also used as ccTLD)
CPClipperton Island - Reserved on request of ITU
DGDiego Garcia - Reserved on request of ITU
EACeuta and Melilla - Reserved on request of WCO to represent area outside EU customs territory
EUEuropean Union - originally requested by ISO 4217 MA to provide country code for Euro; later extended for use in ISO 6166 International Securities Identification Numbering (ISIN) system; later extended by ISO 3166 MA for use for any purposes for which code EU required
FXMetropolitan France - reserved on request of France
GGGuernsey - reserved on request of UPU; also used as ccTLD
ICCanary Islands - reserved on request of WCO to represent area outside EU customs territory
IMIsle of Man - reserved on request of UPU, also used as ccTLD
JEJersey - reserved on request of UPU, also used as ccTLD
TATristan da Cunha - reserved on request of UPU
UKUnited Kingdom - reserved on request of the United Kingdom, to prevent any other country from using code UK; also used as ccTLD

Other reservations

In addition, the ISO 3166 MA has undertaken, for the time being, not to use the following alpha-2 codes from WIPO Standard ST.3. However, this undertaking is not classified as an transitional, indeterminate or transitional reservation, since the codes do not refer to countries, dependent areas or other geographic regions or localities:

Other Reserved Two-letter Codes
Alpha-2Country
APAfrican Regional Intellectual Property Organization
BXBenelux Trademarks and Design Offices
EFUnion of Countries under the European Community Patent Convention
EMEuropean Trademark Office
EPEuropean Patent Organisation
GCPatent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)
IBInternational Bureau of WIPO
OAOrganisation Africaine de la Proprit Intellectuelle or African Intellectual Property Organization
WOWorld Intellectual Property Organization

In addition, WIPO Standard ST.3 also uses EA to code the Eurasian Patent Organization. However, ISO 3166 MA has stated it cannot guarantee to reserve the code EA from use, since it is already used for customs purposes to represent Ceuta and Melilla. ISO 3166 MA proposed in 1995 that EV be used by WIPO for the purpose of representing the Eurasian Patent Organization; however, this request was not honoured by WIPO.

Other withdrawn codes

See ISO 3166-3 for a full list of withdrawn codes.

Other Withdrawn Codes
Alpha-2Country
AIFrench Territory of the Afars and the Issas
BQBritish Antarctic Territory
CSCzechoslovakia
CTCanton and Enderbury Islands
DDEast Germany
DYDahomey (Benin)
FQFrench Southern and Antarctic Territories
HVUpper Volta
JTJohnston Island
MIMidway Atoll
NHNew Hebrides (Vanuatu)
NQQueen Maud Land
NTSaudi-Iraqi neutral zone
PCTrust Territory of the Pacific Islands
PUvarious United States Pacific Islands
PZPanama Canal Zone
RHRhodesia (Zimbabwe)
SKSikkim
VDNorth Vietnam
WKWake Island
YDSouth Yemen

Fictional codes

The novel Cryptonomicon uses the code KK to refer to its fictional country Kinakuta.

The Kingdom of Fyksland (Fyksian: Vaijskr Kohnklije) uses the code VK.

These are not part of the real ISO 3166.

External links

id:ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 it:ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

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