International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

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Wanted poster for the ICTR

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is a court under the auspices of the United Nations for the prosecution of offenses committed in Rwanda during the genocide which occurred there during April, 1994, commencing on April 6. It is based in Arusha, Tanzania.

It was created on November 8, 1994 by the Security Council of the United Nations in order to judge those people responsible for the acts of genocide and other serious violations of the international law performed in the territory of Rwanda, or by Rwandan citizens in nearby states, between January 1 and December 31, 1994.

It was set up by the UN Security Council following the resolutions:

  • 995 on November 8, 1994 ([1] (http://www.un.org/ictr/english/Resolutions/955e.htm), [2] (http://wikisource.org/wiki/UN_Security_Council_Resolution_995))
  • 978 on February 27, 1995 ([3] (http://www.un.org/ictr/english/Resolutions/978e.htm)), [4] (http://wikisource.org/wiki/UN_Security_Council_Resolution_978))
  • 1165 on April 30, 1998 ([5] (http://www.un.org/ictr/english/Resolutions/1165e.htm))
Contents

Trial against "hate media"

The trial against "hate media" began on October 23, 2000. It is charged with the prosecution of the media which encouraged the genocide of 1994.

On August 19, 2003, at the tribunal in Arusha, life sentences were requested for Ferdinand Nahimana, and Jean Bosco Barayagwiza, persons in charge for the Radio-Television Libre des Mille Collines, as well as Hassan Ngeze, director and editor of the Kangur newspaper. They are charged with genocide, incitement to genocide, and crimes against humanity, before and during the period of the genocides of 1994. On 3 December 2003, the court found all three defendants guilty and sentenced Nahimana and Ngeze to life imprisonment and Barayagwiza to imprisonment for 35 years. The case is currently on appeal.

Membership

The Tribunal consists of 16 Judges in four "chambers" - three to hear trials, and one to hear appeals. In addition, there are 9 ad litem judges, making 25 in all. At present, all 9 ad litem judges are assigned to Chambers II and III. There is an additional pool of 9 further ad litem judges who may be called on in the case of a judge being absent.

The column denoted by # indicates the order of precedence.

Trial Chamber I

#JudgeCountry of OriginStatus
1.Erik MseNorwayPresident ICTR, Presiding Judge, Trial Chamber I
10.Jai Ram ReddyFijimember
11.Sergei Alekseevich EgorovRussiamember


Trial Chamber II

#JudgeCountry of OriginStatus
4.William SekuleTanzaniaPresiding Judge, Trial Chamber II
9.Arlette RamarosonMadagascarmember
16.Joseph Asoka Nihal De SilvaSri Lankamember
17.Solomy Balungi BossaUgandaad litem
19.Lee Gacugia MuthogaKenyaad litem
21.Emile Francis ShortGhanaad litem
23.Taghrid HikmetJordanad litem
24.Seon Ki ParkSouth Koreaad litem



Trial Chamber III

#JudgeCountry of OriginStatus
2.Andrsia VazSenegalPresiding Judge, Trial Chamber III
14.Khalida Rachid KhanPakistanmember
15.Charles Michael Dennis ByronSaint Kitts and Nevismember
18.Flavia LattanziItalyad litem
22.Florence Rita ArreyCameroonad litem
24.Karin HkborgSwedenad litem
25.Gberdao Gustave KamBurkina Fasoad litem


Appeals Chamber

#JudgeCountry of OriginStatus
3.Theodor MeronUnited StatesPresiding Judge, Appeals Chamber
5.Mohamed ShahabuddeenGuyanamember
6.Florence MumbaZambiamember
7.Mehmet GneyTurkeymember
8.Fausto PocarItalymember
12.Wolfgang SchomburgGermanymember
13.Ins Mnica Weinberg de RocaArgentinamember

See also

External links

ja:ルワンダ国際戦犯法廷 fr:Tribunal pnal international pour le Rwanda pl:Międzynarodowy Trybunał Karny dla Rwandy

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