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Juan Ramón Jiménez (December 24, 1881 - May 29, 1958) was a Spanish poet. He was born in Moguer, near Huelva in the Andalusia region of Southern Spain. He made the region famous with his prose poem about a writer and his donkey, called Platero y Yo (1914). He was a prolific poet and wrote several dozen books. He was an opponent of the regime of Francisco Franco and fled to Puerto Rico in 1939. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956.

Biography

Born in Moguer, Jiménez studied law, which he declined to put to use. His father's death affected him deeply and the resulting depression sent him to a mental institution in France. He then returned to the Sanatorio de El Rosario in Madrid. He was opposed to Francisco Franco's dictatorship and was thus exiled with his wife Zenobia to Cuba, the U.S.A. and Puerto Rico. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature the same year his wife died of breast cancer, and died two years later.

Works

  • E. Díez-Canedo, Juan Ramón Jiménez en su obra (México, 1944);
  • R. Gullón, Conversaciones con Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1958);
  • J . Guerrero Ruiz, Juan Ramón de viva voz (Madrid, 1961);
  • M. P. Predmore, La obra en prosa de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1966);
  • M. A. Salgado, El arte polifacético de las caricaturas líricas juanramonianas (Madrid, 1968);
  • Mª T. Font, «Espacio»: autobiografía lírica de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1973);
  • G. Palau de Nemes, Vida y obra de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1976);
  • A. Campoamor González, Vida y poesía de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1976);
  • A. De Albornoz (ed.), Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1981);
  • A. Campoamor, Bibliografía general de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1982);
  • F. J. Blasco, La Poética de Juan Ramón Jiménez. Desarrollo, contexto y sistema (Salamanca, 1982);
  • M. Juliá, El universo de Juan Ramón Jiménez (Madrid, 1989).
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