Junkers

From Academic Kids

For the Prussian/German landowning classes, see "junker".

Junkers logo


The name Junkers (IPA: /ˈjunkeɺs/) is well known in connection with aircraft, which were produced under this name for the Luftwaffe during World War II. In particular the Ju 87 Stuka and Ju 52 Tante Ju were common symbols of the Nazi war machine. By this time, however, the Nazi government had already seized control of the business, and Hugo Junkers himself was dead.

Junkers also ran an engine factory, and in 1923 they separated it out to form its own company, Junkers Motoren, or Jumo. This company expanded greatly in the 1920s and 30s, with factories spread across Germany. They were the first German company to offer a truly modern engine in the form of the 650hp Jumo 210, but after a few short years this was considered to be much too small and they responded with the much larger Jumo 211. Perhaps unsurprisingly the 211 saw widespread use in their own bombers, but was little used otherwise, mostly due to the better power output of the competing Daimler-Benz DB 601. Further development of the 211 led to the superb Jumo 213, which was in high demand for practically every late-war piston-engined aircraft. Their Jumo 004 jet engine was the first to be considered production quality and used in the Me 262 jet fighter.

Junkers aircraft included:

Jumo engines included:


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

External links

fr:Junkers it:Junkers ja:ユンカース nl:Junkers no:Junkers & Co. pl:Junkers (wytwrnia lotnicza) sv:Junkers Flugzeug und Motorwerke AG

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