Legio III Cyrenaica

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Missing image
Denarius_Mark_Anthony-32BC-legIII.jpg
Denarius minted by Mark Antony to pay his legions. On the reverse, the aquila of his Third legion.

Legio III Cyrenaica, (from Cyrenaica, a Roman province), was a Roman legion probably levied by Mark Antony around 36 BC, when he was governor of Cyrenaica. There are still records of the legion in Bostra in the beginning of the 5th century AD. The legion symbol is unknown.

The first historical appearance of the legion is during the campaign of Emperor Augustus Caesar to conquer Egypt in 30 BC. III Cyrenaica would remain in Egypt and, in 35 AD was in Alexandria, sharing camp with Legio XXII Deotariana. The main task of both legions was keep the province safe and to maintain peace and order between the different ethnic and religious groups present in Alexandria.

In the internal turmoils of the Roman Empire, III Cyrenaica tended to follow defeated candidates to the throne like Avidius Crassus (vs. Marcus Aurelius in 175) and Pescennius Niger (vs. Septimius Severus in 192)

The legion, or subunits of it, probably participated in the following campaigns:

After the rebellion of Zenobia in 267-272, III Cyrenaica was transferred to an unclear location, although the legion was in Bostra in the beginning of the 5th century AD.

See also: List of Roman legions, Roman legion

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