List of military aircraft of Japan

From Academic Kids

This list of military aircraft of Japan includes prototype, pre-production and operational types regardless of era.

Wikipedia policy is to use the Japanese names for these aircraft, not the World War II Allied codenames, although these will be redirects and mentioned in the article. They may be listed here for ease of reference.
(note: a " - " means information unknown, not added, or not applicable)

Modern (post 1945)

Military aircraft of Japan post-1945
Fixed Wing
Designation Name Year Info/Role
Fuji LM-1 - 1958Trainer and private plane
Fuji T-1 "Hatsutaka" 1958Advanced jet trainer
Shin Meiwa PS-1 - 1968Reconnaissance & anti-submarine flying boat
Shin Meiwa US-1 - 1975Search and rescue flying boat
Shin Meiwa US-1AkaiUS-1A 改(kai) ~2007Search and rescue flying boat (kai=improved)
Mitsubishi T-2 - 1971Advanced jet trainer somewhat based on the SEPECAT Jaguar
Kawasaki T-4 - 1985Subsonic jet trainer
Mitsubishi F-1 - 1975 Fighter version of the T-2
Mitsubishi F-2 - 2001 Fighter, based on the F-16 Fighting Falcon
Helicopters
Designation Name Year Info
Kayaba Heliplane- 1954-
Kawasaki KH-4- 1962-
Mitsubishi RP-1- 1994-
Kawasaki OH-X -1996- Reconnaissance

Pre-1945

(Table order: Fighters, Bombers, Transports, Obs/Recon, Trainers, Waterplanes, Experimental)

Military aircraft of Japan pre-1945
Fighters
Designation NameAllied codename Year Info
Aichi S1A電光 "Denko" - - Navy night fighter
Kawanishi N1K-J紫電 "Shiden" George 1942Navy ground-based derivative of the N1K
Kawanishi P1Y2-S極光 "Kyokko" - 1944Navy night-fighter derivative of the Yokosuka P1Y
Kawasaki KDA-5 - - 1932 -
Kawasaki Ki-10 - Perry 1935-
Kawasaki Ki-45 屠龍 "Toryu" Nick1939Army night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-60 - - 1940Army interceptor powered by DB601 engine
Kawasaki Ki-61飛燕 "Hien" Tony1941Army fighter with inline engine
Kawasaki Ki-64 - Rob 1943Army experimental fighter
Kawasaki Ki-96 - - 1943Army experimental heavy fighter
Kawasaki Ki-100 - - 1945Army fighter, derivative of Ki-61 with radial engine
Kawasaki Ki-102 - Randy 1944Army night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-108 - - 1944Army high altitude fighter
Kyushu J7W 震電 "Shinden" - 1945Navy interceptor
Mitsubishi A5M - Claude1935 Navy carrier-based fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-202 秋水改 "Shusui-kai" --Rocket interceptor for Army and Navy
Mitsubishi A6M Zero零戦 "Reisen" Zeke1939Navy carrier fighter (type 0), the "Zero"
Mitsubishi J2M 雷電 "Raiden" Jack1942Navy land-based interceptor
Mitsubishi A7M 烈風 "Reppu" Sam 1944Navy carrier-based fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-109-- 1944Army twin-engine interceptor
Mitsubishi Ki-83- - 1944Army twin-engine escort fighter
Mitsubishi J8M秋水 "Shusui" - 1945Rocket interceptor based on the Messerschmitt Me 163, Army and Navy
Nakajima A2N--1930 carrier biplane fighter
Nakajima Type 91--1931parasol monoplane fighter
Nakajima A4N--1935carrier-borne fighter
Nakajima Ki-27 - Nate1936Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-43隼 "Hayabusa"Oscar1939Army fighter
Nakajima Ki-44 鍾馗 "Shoki" Tojo1940Army fighter
Nakajima Ki-201 火龍 "Karyu" - 1945 Navy land-based jet, project only
Nakajima J1N 月光 "Gekko" Irving1941Navy land-based night fighter
Nakajima Ki-84 疾風 "Hayate" Frank1943Army fighter
Nakajima J5N天雷 "Tenrai" - 1944Navy land-based interceptor
Nakajima Ki-87 - -1945Army high-altitide fighter
Rikugun Ki-93 - -1945Army twin-engine fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94 - -1945Army interceptor
Bombers
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Aichi D1A - Susie1934Navy carrier dive bomber
Aichi D3A- Val1938Navy carrier dive bomber
Aichi B7A流星 "Ryusei"Grace1942Navy carrier torpedo bomber
Kawasaki Ki-32-Mary1937-
Kawasaki Ki-48-Lily1939-
Kawasaki Ki-66--1942-
Kyushu Q1W 東海 "Tokai" Lorna1943Navy anti-submarine patrol bomber
Mitsubishi B1M--1923carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M--1932 carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-1--1933 early monoplane bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2--1933-
Mitsubishi G3M-Nell1934Navy land-based bomber
Mitsubishi B5M-Mabel1936Navy carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-21-- 1936Army bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-30-Ann1937Army light bomber
Mitsubishi G4M- Betty1939Navy land-based bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-51 - Sonia1939Army attack / reconnaissance plane
Mitsubishi Ki-67 飛龍 "Hiryu" Peggy1942 Army heavy bomber
Nakajima B5N-Kate 1937Navy carrier torpedo bomber
Nakajima Ki-48呑龍 "Donryu" Helen1939Army heavy bomber
Nakajima B6N天山 "Tenzan"Jill1941 Navy torpedo bomber
Nakajima G5N深山 "Shinzan" Liz1941 long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima G8N連山 "Renzan" Rita1944Navy long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima G10N富岳 "Fugaku" - - unfinished ultra long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima Kikka橘花 "Kikka" - - jet based on the Messerschmitt Me 262
Nakajima Ki-115剣 "Tsurugi" -1945 kamikaze bomber
Tachikawa Ki-74 - Patsy1944bomber, reconnaissance
Yokosuka B4Y - Jean 1935biplane torpedo bomber
Yokosuka D4Y彗星 "Suisei" Judy1940dive bomber
Yokosuka P1Y銀河 "Ginga"Frances1943medium bomber
Yokosuka MXY7桜花 "Ohka"Baka1944manned flying bomb
Transport
Designation NameAllied codname Year Info
Kawasaki Ki-56 - Thalia1940-
Kawasaki C-1 - -1970twin engined jet transport
Kokusai Ki-59 - Theresa1939twin-engine transport
Mitsubishi Ki-57 - Topsy1939(MC-20, L4M) - twin-engine transport
Nakajima Ki-34- Thora1936-
Observation, reconnaissance and liaison
Designation NameAllied codename Year Info
Kokusai Ki-76 - Stella1941-
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M - Babs1936Army reconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-46 - Dinah1939Army reconnaissance aircraft
Nakajima Ki-4 - - 1934Army reconnaissance aircraft
Nakajima C6N彩雲 "Saiun" Myrt1943Navy reconnaissance plane
Tachikawa Ki-36-Ida1938close air support aircraft.
Tachikawa Ki-70-Clara 1943reconnaissance
Yokosuka R2Y景雲 "Keiun" - 1945reconnaissance
Trainers
Designation NameAllied codename Year Info
Aichi M6A1-K 南山 "Nanzan" - 1945land-based trainer version of the M6A
Kyushu K11W 白菊 "Shiragiku" - 1942bombing trainer
Mitsubishi K3M-Pine1930naval crew trainer.
Tachikawa Ki-17 - Cedar1935biplane basic trainer
Tachikawa Ki-9 - Spruce 1935Army medium trainer
Tachikawa Ki-55 - - 1939Army advanced trainer
Tachikawa Ki-54 - Hickory1940trainer & transport
Yokosuka K5Y - Willow 1933 biplane trainer
Yokosuka MXY8秋草 "Akigusa" - 1945unpowered trainer version of the Mitsubishi J8M
Yokosuka MXY9秋火 "Shuka" - 1945jet-powered version of the MXY8
Flying boats and seaplanes
Designation NameAllied codename Year Info
Aichi E11A - Laura1937 reconnaissance flying boat
Aichi E13A -Jake 1940 -
Aichi H9A -- 1940 -
Aichi E16A瑞雲 "Zuiun"Paul1942reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi M6A晴嵐 "Seiran"-1943submarine based seaplane
Kawanishi E7K-Alf 1933reconnaissance seaplane
Kawanishi H6K-Mavis1936recon. flying boat;formerly - Navy Type 97 Flying Boat
Kawanishi E15K 紫雲 "Shiun" Norm1941reconnaissance seaplane
Kawanishi H8K - Emily 1941 Flying Boat
Kawanishi H8K2-L晴空 "Seiku"Emily - Flying Boat
Kawanishi N1K強風 "Kyofu" Rex 1942floatplane fighter
Mitsubishi F1M - Pete 1936 observation seaplane
Nakajima E2N - -1929 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima E4N - - 1930 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima E8N - Dave1934 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima A6M2-N-Rufe 1942 Mitsubishi Zero floatplane version
Yokosuka H5Y- Cherry 1936flying boat
Yokosuka E14Y- Glenn 1939 submarine based floatplane
Autogryo
Designation NameAllied Codname Year Info
Kayaba Ka-1- -1941 A autogyro recon aircraft
Experimental
Designation NameAllied codename Year Info
Kawasaki Ki-78 - -1942 -
Tachikawa Ki-77 - - 1942 -


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