Ludwig III of Bavaria

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Ludwig III of Bavaria

Ludwig III, HM Ludwig III Leopold Joseph Maria Aloys Alfred King of Bavaria, (7 January 1845 - 18 October 1921) was briefly Prince Regent of Bavaria and was the last King of Bavaria from 1913 to 1918.

He was born in Munich, the son of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria (1821-1912) and his wife, Augusta of Tuscany (1825-1864).

On 20 February 1868, at Vienna, he married Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria-Este (1849-1919), daughter of Ferdinand of Modena (1821-1849) and his wife Elisabeth of Austria (1831-1903). On the death of her uncle Francis in 1875, she became heir to his Jacobite claim to the throne of England, and is called either Queen Mary IV and III or Queen Mary III by Jacobites.

Ludwig, on the death of his father, became regent for his insane cousin Otto of Bavaria in 1912, and deposed him by constitutional amendment and proclamation, with the subsequent assent of parliament, on 5 November 1913.

In 1918, on the eve of revolution, Ludwig and his family fled Munich, and on 13 November 1918 signed a paper that Kurt Eisner's government termed an abdication. On Eisner's death in 1919, Ludwig fled to Vaduz and from there to Hungary, where he died in Srvr.

Children

  • Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand Crown Prince of Bavaria (1869-1955)
  • Adelgunde Marie Auguste Therese Princess of Bavaria (1870-1958). Married Wilhelm Prince von Hohenzollern (1864-1927).
  • Maria Ludwiga Theresia Princess of Bavaria (1872-1954). Married Ferdinando Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke di Calabria (1869-1960) and had issue.
  • Karl Maria Luitpold Prince of Bavaria (1874-1927).
  • Franz Maria Luitpold Prince of Bavaria (1875-1957). Married Isabella Princess von Cro (1890-1982) and had issue.
  • Mathilde Marie Theresia Henriette Christine Luitpolda Princess of Bavaria (1877-1906). Married Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  • Wolfgang Maria Leopold Prince of Bavaria (1879-1895)
  • Hildegarde Maria Christina Therese Princess of Bavaria (1881-1948)
  • Notburga Karolina Maria Theresia Princess of Bavaria (1883, lived only a few days)
  • Wiltrud Marie Alix Princess of Bavaria (1884-1975). Married Wilhelm Duke von Urach, Count von Wrttemberg (1864-1928).
  • Helmtrud Marie Amalie Princess of Bavaria (1886-1977).
  • Dietlinde Maria Theresia Josepha Adelgunde Princess of Bavaria (1888-1889)
  • Gundelinde Maria Josepha Princess of Bavaria (1891-1883). Married Johann Georg Count von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos (1887-1924).

External links

  • The King's photo (http://www.info-regenten.de/regent/regent-d/pictures/bayern-ludwig3.jpg)


Preceded by:
Prince Luitpold
Regent of Bavaria
1912-1913
Succeeded by:

Template:Succession box one to two Template:End boxde:Ludwig III. (Bayern) ko:루트비히 3세 nl:Lodewijk III van Beieren

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