Madrid Metro

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A typical Madrid metro entrance, at Tribunal station
A typical Madrid metro entrance, at Tribunal station
Missing image
Madrid-metro-2.jpg
A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 at Colombia station

The Madrid Metro is the large metro system serving Madrid, the capital of Spain.

It is one of the largest metro systems in the world, which is especially remarkable considering Madrid's population of approximately four million. In fact, it's among the top 10 longest metros in the world, though Madrid is approximately the fiftieth most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is also one of the fastest growing in the world, rivalled only by the Seoul Metro (Seoul); the latest round of expansions, completed in spring 2003, have increased its length to 227 kilometres. An additional 44 km of metro lines are expected to be constructed by 2007, as well as 30 km of light rail lines that will serve the western region of the metropolitan area.

The metro opened in 1919 under the direction of the Compañía de Metro Alfonso XIII. Metro stations served as air raid shelters during the Spanish Civil War.

Starting in the 1970s, it was sequentially greatly expanded to cope with the influx of population and urban sprawl from Madrid's economic ascendancy. A huge project in the late 1990s and early 2000s installed approximately 50 kilometres of new metro tunnels, including a direct connection between downtown Madrid and Barajas International Airport (line 8), and service to outlying areas, including a huge 40-kilometre loop called MetroSur (line 12) serving Madrid's southern suburbs.

MetroSur, the largest civil engineering project in Europe, opened on April 11, 2003. It includes 40.7 kilometres of tunnel and 28 new stations (including an interchange station and an additional station on Line 10, which connects it to downtown). Construction began in June 2000, the whole loop was completed in less than three years. It connects the towns of Getafe, Móstoles, Alcorcón, Fuenlabrada, and Leganés.

Madrid also has an extensive commuter train (Cercanías) network operated by Renfe, the national rail line, which is intermodal with the metro network. Several Cercanías transfer stations were included in MetroSur.

Madrid's metro consists of the following lines:  (see also List of Madrid metro stations)

 Line  Length  Stations  Section  Platform
 1
Plaza de CastillaCongosto
 16.7 km  27  narrow   90 m
 2
Ventas – Cuatro Caminos
 7.9 km  15  narrow  60 m
 3
LegazpiMoncloa
 6.4 km  10  narrow  60 m
 4
 ArgüellesParque de Santa María 
 12.8 km  20  narrow  60 m
 5
CanillejasCasa de Campo
 20.8 km  30  narrow  115 m
 6
Circular
 23.5 km  27  wide  115 m
 7
Las MusasPitis
 18.8 km  22  wide  115 m
 8
Nuevos MinisteriosBarajas
 13.9 km  6  wide  115 m
 9 *
Herrera OriaArganda del Rey
 20 + 18 km  22 + 4   wide  115 m
 10
FuencarralPuerta del Sur
 24 km  19  wide  115 m
 11
Plaza ElípticaPan Bendito
 2.3 km  3  wide  115 m
 12
MetroSur
 41 km (circular)   27  wide  115 m
 R **
ÓperaPríncipe Pío
 1.1 km  2  narrow  60 m

Notes:
* Includes light rail from Puerta de Arganda to Arganda del Rey (18 km, 4 stations)
** For Ramal, "branch"

Network map
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Network map

The metro is operated by its own company, under the Department of Public Works, City Planning, and Transportation of the autonomous community of Madrid. All of Madrid's rapid transit systems are members of the Consorcio Regional de Transportes, which sells monthly passes for unlimited use of the metro, bus and commuter train networks within the area covered by the pass.

External links

See also

es:Metro de Madrid fi:Madridin metro nl:metro van Madrid

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