Marguerite Yourcenar

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Marguerite Yourcenar was the pseudonym of French novelist, Marguerite de Crayencour (June 8, 1903 - December 17, 1987). Yourcenar was born in Brussels, Belgium, and educated privately to a prodigious standard. She read Racine and Aristophanes by the age of eight and her father taught her Latin at ten, and Greek at twelve.

Her first novel Alexis was published in 1929. Her intimate friend and companion, the translator Grace Frick invited her to America, where she lectured in comparative literature in New York City. In 1951 she published, in France, the French-language novel Mmoires d'Hadrien (translated as Hadrian's Memoirs), which she had been writing with pauses for a decade. The novel was an immediate success and met with great critical acclaim. In this novel Yourcenar recreated the life and death of one of the great rulers of the ancient world, the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who writes a long letter to Marcus Aurelius, his successor and adoptive son. The Emperor meditates on his past, describes his triumphs and love for Antinous, his philosophy. This novel has become a modern classic, a standard against which fictional recreations of Antiquity are measured.

Yourcenar was elected as the first woman to the Academie Franaise. One of the respected writers in French language, she published many novels, essays, poetry, and three volumes of memoirs.

Yourcenar lived much of her life at Petite Plaisance in Northeast Harbor on Mount Desert Island, Maine. Petite Plaisance is now a museum dedicated to her memory.

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Preceded by:
Roger Caillois
Seat 3
Acadmie franaise
Succeeded by:
Jean-Denis Bredin
de:Marguerite Yourcenar

es:Marguerite Yourcenar eo:Marguerite YOURCENAR fr:Marguerite Yourcenar it:Marguerite Yourcenar nl:Marguerite Yourcenar pt:Marguerite Yourcenar sr:Маргерит Јурсенар

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