Mitla

From Academic Kids

Mitla is a town in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, famous for its pre-Columbian Mesoamerican buildings.

The town of Mitla

The official name of the town is San Pablo Villa de Mitla. It had a population of just over 7,000 people in 1990. It is located about 45 km (some 26 miles) by road from the state capital of Oaxaca, Oaxaca, at Template:Coor dm.

The main group of pre-Hispanic buildings is at the north end of town. The town of Mitla also has a small museum.

Mitla hosts a large outdoor market.

Pre-Columbian Mitla

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Mexico.Oax.Mitla.01.jpg
Grupo de la Iglesia
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Mexico.Oax.Mitla.02.jpg
Patio Norte
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Mexico.Oax.Mitla.03.jpg
Grupo de las Columnas

While archeological evidence shows that Mitla was occupied by 500 BC, the earliest construction dates to about 200 AD. Construction of Pre-Columbian style buildings continued up until the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores in the 1520s. The town has been continually occupied ever since; part of the more recent town was built over pre-Hispanic Mitla, but some groups of old elite palace complexes remained.

The earliest structures at Mitla are Zapotec; the remainder are Mixtec but often display an interesting mix of Zapotec and Mixtec styles.

The most famous buildings are decorated with stones cut in repeating gemetric patterns.

In 1494 the Aztecs conquered Mitla and sacked the city.

A number of Spanish writers of the colonial era remark on the well built pre-Hispanic buildings here. Alexander von Humboldt published a description of the site in 1810.

Some excavations and repair of buildings was done under the direction of Leopoldo Batres in 1901. The Mexican government made further excavations of the site in the mid 1930s and the early 1960s.

Mitla is a popular tourism destination for visitors to Oaxaca.

External links

ja:ミトラ (オアハカ州)

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