New York Herald Tribune

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The New York Herald-Tribune was a newspaper created in 1922 when the New York Tribune acquired the New York Herald. The Herald- Tribune was a leading Republican paper, and a voice for moderate "internationalist" Republicans as opposed to the "isolationist" variety represented by the Chicago Tribune. With a nation-wide readership, the "Herald-Tribune" was a respected and influential paper, often rivaling The New York Times in the quality of its reporting. It was home to respected writers like Dorothy Thompson, 'Red' Smith and Walter Kerr.

After the death of publisher Ogden Mills Reid in 1947, the Herald-Tribune, despite some star writers and columnists, went into a decline under his widow Helen Rogers Reid, and sons Whitelaw Reid II and Ogden R. Reid (later a Congressman). In 1958-59 the Reids sold control to John Hay Whitney. Under Whitney, the paper regained some of its lustre, deciding that since it could not compete with the Times in sheer volume of news it would be faster, fiestier and funnier. In this period the "Herald-Tribune" was radically re-designed, and new writers like Tom Wolfe were encouraged. But the key to success was still advertising dollars, and on that count the Times was the leader. A series of strikes throughout the sixties did not help the paper's balance sheet. Whitney organized what would have been New York's first joint-operating agreement, with the Herald-Tribune as the morning partner and a merged Journal-American and World-Telegram producing the afternoon paper. The first edition of the new JOA Herald-Tribune was to have appeared May 1, 1966, but the unions immediately threw up a strike, and as the months dragged on, a compromise three-way merger was arrived at on August 15, 1966.

The result was the short-lived afternoon newspaper New York World Journal Tribune. The first weeks' editions were dominated by the input of Hearst's New York Journal American and Scripps's New York World-Telegram and Sun, but after a time, the 'Widget' took on the appearance and style of the late-era Herald-Tribune. But the paper was not a success, and folded for good in May, 1967.

In 1967 the New York Times and Washington Post became joint owners with Whitney of the newspaper's European edition, the International Herald Tribune, which is still published. New York Magazine is also a descendent of the Herald-Tribune, having originally been the Herald-Tribune's Sunday magazine, a livelier version of the New York Times Magazine. Following the death of the World Journal Tribune, "New York Magazine" editor Clay Felker organized a group of investors who bought the name and rights, and successfully revived the weekly in 1968

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