Nihoa

From Academic Kids

Nihoa (also known as Bird Island or Moku Manu) is a small island located 280 miles (450 km) northwest of Honolulu in the Hawaiian Islands. Nihoa is composed of 170 acres (0.7 km²)of dry land, surrounded by 140,554 acres (570 km²) of coral reef. The north and west sides rise precipitously from the shore as a sea cliff. Nihoa is the tallest of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands with two peaks: 895 ft (273 m) Miller's Peak and 852 ft (260 m) Tanager Peak.

Covered mostly by coastal scrub vegetation, the Nihoa fan palm, Pritchardia remota, is the only species of tree on the island. There are also two species of endemic birds: the Nihoa millerbird and Nihoa finch.

Nihoa was well known to the early Hawaiians. Archeological expeditions found extensive primitive agricultural terraces and house sites, but Nihoa was apparently uninhabited at the time of European contact.pt:Nihoa

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