Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt

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Dynasties of Pharaohs
in Ancient Egypt
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Ptolemaic Roman Empire

History of Ancient Egypt, Nineteenth Dynasty

Name Dates (BC)
Ramesses I 1293-1291
Seti I 1291-1278
Ramesses II the Great 1279-1212
Merneptah 1212-1202
Amenemses 1202-1199
Seti II 1199-1193
Merneptah Siptah 1193-1187
Twosret 1187-1185

The Nineteenth Dynasty was founded by the soldier Ramesses I, to whom Pharaoh Horemheb willed the throne. This period is best known for its military conquests in modern Israel, Lebanon, and Syria. At least as early as Josephus, it was believed that Moses lived during the reign of Ramesses II (though, the time of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt has been suggested).

This dynasty came to an end because of internal fighting between the heirs of Merneptah Siptah for the throne. At one point his chief wife Twosret ruled, but she proved unable to control the internal fighting.

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