Piedmont

From Academic Kids

For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation).
Regione Piemonte
Missing image
Piedmont_Coat_of_Arms.png


Capital Torino
President Mercedes Bresso
Provinces Alessandria
Asti
Biella
Cuneo
Novara
Turin
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola
Vercelli
Municipalities 1,206
Area 25,400 km²
 - Ranked 2nd (8.4 %)
Population (2001)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density


4,214,677
6th (7.4 %)
166/km²
Image:Italy Regions Piedmont 220px.png
Map higlighting the location of Piedmont in Italy

Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. It has an area of 25,400 km2 and a population of est. 4.3 million. Its capital is Turin.

Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps mountain range, including the Monviso, where the Po River rises. It borders with France, Switzerland, and the Italian regions of Lombardy, Liguria and Valle d'Aosta.

Lowland Piedmont is a fertile agricultural region, producing wheat, rice, maize and grapes. The region also contains major industrial centres, notably Turin, home to the FIAT automobile works.

In 1046, the counts of the House of Savoy added Piedmont to their main territory of Savoy, with a capital at Chambry (now in France). The House of Savoy was elevated to a duchy in 1416, and Duke Emanuele Filiberto moved the seat to Turin in 1563. (The dukes were also kings of Sardinia starting in 1720.) Piedmont was the springboard for Italy's unification in 1859-1861, following earlier unsuccessful wars against Austria in 1820-1821 and 1848-1849.

A "piedmont" (piemonte in Italian) is a foothill, and "piedmont" has become a generic designation for foothill regions in geography.

Piedmont is one of the great winegrowing regions in Italy. More than half of its 700 km² (170,000 acres) of vineyards are registered with DOC designations. It produces wines of renowned depth such as the famed Barbera, Barolo and Barbaresco, as well as the more approachable Dolcetto.

The main cities of the Piedmont region are the provincial capitals (Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Cuneo, Novara, Vercelli, Verbania, Torino, Moncalieri and Rivoli).

See also

Template:Italycy:Piedmonte da:Piemonte de:Piemont es:Piamonte fr:Pimont id:Piemonte it:Piemonte la:Pedemontium nl:Pimont ja:ピエモンテ州 no:Piemonte pl:Piemont ro:Piemont sk:Piemont sl:Piemont sv:Piemonte

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