Pitch (resin)

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Pitch_drop_experiment.jpg
The pitch drop experiment.

Pitch is the name for any of a number of highly viscous liquids which appears solid. Pitch can be made from petroleum products or plants. Petroleum-derived pitch is also called bitumen. Pitch produced from plants is also known as Resin. Products made from plant resin are also known as Rosin.

Tar pitch appears solid, and can be shattered with a hard impact, but it is actually a liquid. Unlike glass, pitch flows at room temperature, but extremely slowly. The pitch drop experiment taking place at University of Queensland is a long-term experiment which measures the flow of a piece of pitch over many years. For the experiment, pitch was put in a glass container with a hole in the bottom, and allowed to slowly drip out. Since the pitch was allowed to start dripping in 1930, only eight drops have fallen out, demonstrating that pitch has a viscosity approximately 100 billion (100×109) times that of water.

Pitch was traditionally used to help caulk the seams of wooden sailing vessels. It was heated, then put into a container with a very long spout. The word pitcher is said to derive from this long spouted container used to pour hot pitch.

External links

de:Pech (Stoff)

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