Pneumatics

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Pneumatics, from the Greek πνευματικός (pneumatikos, coming from the wind) is the use of pressurized gases to do work in science and technology.

Pneumatics is employed in a variety of settings. Pneumatic tubes that carry objects over distance. In dentistry applications, pneumatic drills are lighter, faster and simpler than an electric drill of the same power rating (because the prime mover, the compressor, is separate from the drill and pumped air is capable of rotating the drill bit at extremely high rpm's). Pneumatic devices are also used where electric motors cannot be used for safety reasons, such as mining applications where rock drills are powered by air motors to preclude the need for electric motors deep in the mine where explosive gases may be present.

Pneumatic control systems are often used in instrumentation to control industrial processes. These systems have largely become replaced by electrical control systems, but are still in use in processes where upgrade cost, safety, and other considerations outweigh the advantage of modern digital control.

Industrial pneumatics may be contrasted with hydraulics, which uses incompressible liquid media such as oil or water instead of air. Air is compressible, is considered to be a fluid, and most industrial applications use approximately 80 to 100 pounds per square inch (psi) (500 to 700 kilopascals) gauge pressure, as compared to hydraulics which are commonly used from 1,000 to 5,000 psi (0.7 to 3.5 MPa), and in some cases 10,000 psi (7 MPa) and higher. Both pneumatics and hydraulics are applications of fluid power.

Physical pneumatic principles conclude that the pressure forms in compressible liquids can be harnessed to a high potential of power. This gives us new potential of several pneumatically powered operations and henceforth create many new devices which we may use to power our world.

Common industrial pneumatic components include:

he:פנאומטיקה pl:Pneumatyka

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