Poisson's equation

From Academic Kids

Poisson's equation is the partial differential equation:

<math>

\left( \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2} + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2} \right)\varphi(x,y,z) = f(x,y,z) <math>

Or alternately:

<math>{\nabla}^2 \varphi = f<math>

or

<math>\Delta\varphi=f,<math>

i.e., it sets the Laplacian equal to f. The equation is named after the French mathematician, geometer and physicist Simon-Denis Poisson.

Finding φ for some given f is an important practical problem, since this is the usual way to find the electric potential for a given charge distribution.

<math>{\nabla}^2 V = - {\rho \over \epsilon_0}<math>

There are various methods for numerical solution. The relaxation method, an iterative algorithm, is one example.

See also: Screened Poisson equation

External link

  • Poisson Equation (http://eqworld.ipmnet.ru/en/solutions/lpde/lpde302.pdf) at EqWorld: The World of Mathematical Equations.

Bibliography

  • A. D. Polyanin, Handbook of Linear Partial Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists, Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, 2002.de:Poisson-Gleichung

fr:quation de Poisson ja:ポアソン方程式 pl:Równanie różniczkowe Poissona sl:Poissonova enačba

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