Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester

From Academic Kids

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HRH The Duke of Gloucester

His Royal Highness Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester (Richard Alexander Walter George Windsor), styled HRH The Duke of Gloucester (born August 26, 1944), is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of King George V. He has held the title of Duke of Gloucester since 1974. The Duke of Gloucester is currently 18th in the line of succession.

The Duke of Gloucester carries out royal engagements on behalf of his cousin, Queen Elizabeth II.

Contents

Early Life

Template:British Royal Family Prince Richard was born on August 26, 1944 at Barnwell Manor, Northamptonshire. His father was HRH Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. His mother was HRH The Duchess of Gloucester (ne Lady Alice Christabel Montagu-Douglas-Scott), the eldest daughter of John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch.

As a grandson of the British monarch in the male line, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester at birth. At the time of his birth he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne, and second in line to his father's dukedom, behind his brother, HRH Prince William of Gloucester.

When he was four months old, Prince Richard accompanied his parents to Australia, where his father was Governor-General of Australia from 1945 to 1947. The family returned to Barnwell Manor in 1947.

Career

Education

Prince Richard's early education was at home later attending school at Wellesley House, Broadstairs, and then Eton College. In 1963, he went to Magdalene College, Cambridge to read architecture. He received a bachelor of arts in June 1966.

Architecture

After university, Prince Richard joined the (then) Offices Development Group of the Ministry of Public Building and Works for a year of practical work, returning to Cambridge in 1967. In June 1969, he passed both parts of his Diploma in Architecture at the university. After completing his training, he went into practice as a partner in a firm of London architects.

Although he planned to practice full time as an architect, the death of his brother, Prince William of Gloucester, left Richard first in line to his father's dukedom, and increasing royal duties. He therefore resigned his partnership, and began to represent his cousin, Queen Elizabeth II on royal occasions.

Marriage

On 8 June 1972, Prince Richard of Gloucester married Birgitte van Deurs, a Danish subject, the daughter of Asger Henriksen and Vivian van Deurs, at St. Andrew's Church, Barnwell, Northamptonshire. The event was relatively low key compared to the large royal weddings of his cousins Princess Margaret and the Duke of Kent.

Together the couple have three children:

None of the children carry out royal duties, and they have no royal titles. Alexander Windsor became known as the Earl of Ulster as the courtesy title of the Duke of Gloucester. The other children are styled as children of Dukes.

Duke of Gloucester

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Duke and Duchess of Gloucester (1989)

On 10 June 1974, Prince Richard's father died and he succeeded to the titles of Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden.

Both the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester make many public appearances and are popular members of the royal family. The Duke is particularly interested in architecture and conservation. He became a corporate member of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1972; and serves as a commissioner of the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England (English Heritage).

A keen motorist, Prince Richard is president of the Institute of Advanced Motorists. This post became a matter of review when, on December 23, 2004, he was banned from driving for six months and fined for speeding it being his fourth similar offence in three years.

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester's official residence is at Kensington Palace, London. They have leased Barnwell Manor since 1994. On October 29, 2004, the Duke's mother, HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester died, the longest ever living member of the British Royal Family.

Titles and Honours

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Duke of Gloucester in Garter robes.

Titles

  • His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester
  • His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester
  • His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester, GCVO
  • His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester, KG, GCVO

The Duke's full title is His Royal Highness Prince Richard Alexander Walter George, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, Baron Culloden, Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Prior of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem.

Honours

His Royal Highness has received a number of honours, including orders of knighthood and medals. The Duke of Gloucester has the following orders:

The Duke of Gloucester also has Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation medal (1953), Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee Medal (1977), Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee Medal (2002), among others.

Honorary Military Appointments

Coat of Arms

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The standard of HRH the Duke of Gloucester

As a descendant of Queen Victoria, HRH the Duke of Gloucester's arms are those of the Royal Arms. The following explains the way in which his arms are differenced from those of the Queen.

  • Arms: Is that of the Royal Arms, differenced by a label of five points argent (white), the centre and two outer points charged with a cross gules (red), and the inner points with a lion passant guardant also of gules (red).
  • Crest: On a coronet composed of four crosses-pates alternated with four strawberry leaves, a lion statant guardant or (gold), crowned with the like coronet, and differenced with the label as in the Arms.
  • Supporters: Are those of the Royal Supporters, differenced with a coronet as in the crest, and label as in the Arms. [[1] (http://www.burkes-peerage.net/Sites/Peerage/SitePages/page62-6h.asp)]

See Also

Preceded by:
Arthur Chatto
Line of Succession to the British throne Succeeded by:
Earl of Ulster
Preceded by:
HRH Prince Henry
Duke of Gloucester Succeeded by:
Current incumbent

External links

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