Quark star

From Academic Kids

A strange star or quark star is a hypothetical type of star composed of strange matter. This is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars. It is theorized that when the neutronium which makes up a neutron star is put under sufficient pressure due to the star's gravity, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. The star then becomes known as a "strange star" or "quark star". Strange matter is composed of up quarks, down quarks and strange quarks bound to each other directly, in a similar manner to how neutronium is composed of neutrons; a strange star is essentially a single gigantic nucleon. A strange star lies between neutron stars and black holes in terms of both mass and density, and if sufficient additional matter is added to a strange star it will collapse into a black hole as well.

Strange matter is one candidate for the hypothetical dark matter that is a feature of several cosmological theories.

Strange stars are largely theoretical at this point, but observations released by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory on April 10 2002 detected two candidates, designated RX J185635-3754 and 3C58, which had previously been thought to be neutron stars. Based on the known laws of physics, the former appeared much smaller and the latter much colder than they should, suggesting that they are composed of material denser than neutronium. However, these observations have been under attack by researchers who say the results were not conclusive; it remains to be seen how the question of strange star existence will play out.

See also

External links

da:Kvarkstjerne de:Quarkstern fr:Étoile étrange pl:Gwiazda dziwna sv:Kvarkstjärna zh:夸克星

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