Reccared

From Academic Kids

The Visigoth king Reccared (ruled 586 - 601) was the younger son of Leovigild by his first marriage. Like his father, Reccared had his capital at Toledo. The Visigothic kings and nobles were traditionally Arian Christians, while the Hispano-Roman population were Trinitarian Catholics. The Catholic bishop Leander of Seville was instrumental in converting the elder son and heir of Leovigild, Hermenegild, to Trinitarian Christianity. Leander supported him in a war of rebellion and was exiled for his role. The details are at the entry Leovigild.

When Leovigild died, within a few weeks of April 21, 586, Leander was swift to return to Toledo. The new king had been associated with his father in ruling the kingdom and was acclaimed king by the Visigothic nobles without opposition. Guided by his Merovingian kinship connections and by his stepmother Goisvintha, he sent ambassadors to greet her grandson Childebert II and to his uncle Guntram, the Frankish king of Burgundy, proposing peace and a defensive alliance. Guntram refused to see them.

In January 587 Reccared renounced Arianism for Catholicism, the single great event of his reign and the turning-point for Visigothic Spain. Most Arian nobles and ecclesiastics followed his example, certainly those round him at Toledo, but there were Arian uprisings, notably in Septimania, his northernmost province, beyond the Pyrenees, where the leader of opposition was the Arian bishop Athaloc, who had the reputation among his Catholic enemies of being virtually a second Arius. Among the secular leaders of the Septimanian insurrection, the counts Granista and Wildigern appealed to Guntram of Burgundy, who saw his opportunity and sent his dux Desiderius. Reccared's army defeated the Arian insurgents and their Catholic allies with great slaughter, Desiderius himself being slain The next conspiracy broke out in the west, Lusitania, headed by Sunna, the Arian bishop of Merida, and count Seggo. Claudius, Reccared's dux Lusitaniae, put down the rising, Sunna being banished to Mauritania and Seggo retiring to Galicia. In the latter part of 588 a third conspiracy was headed by the Arian bishop Uldila and the queen dowager Goisvintha, but they were detected, and the bishop banished. This Arian resistance is not often mentioned in popular history.

The Council of Toledo, organized by Leander but convened in the king's name in May 589 set the tone for the new Catholic kingdom. The public confession of the king, read aloud by a notary, reveals by the emphatic clarity of its theological points and its quotations of Scripture that it was ghostwritten for the king. Bishop Leander also delivered the triumphant closing sermon, which his brother Isidore entitled Homilia de triumpho ecclesiae ob conversionem Gothorum a homily upon the "triumph of the Church and the conversion of the Goths". The text of the homily survives. Leander and the Catholic bishops immediately instituted the program of forced conversion of Jews and extirpation of the remains of Arianism as "heresy". Catholic history traditionally imputes these persecutions to the Visigothic kings. When, after Reccared's reign, at a synod held at Toledo in 633, the bishops took upon themselves the nobles' right to select a king from among the royal family, the transfer of power was complete.

The information for the rest of Reccared's reign is scanty. Isidore of Seville, bishop Leander's brother, praises his peaceful government, clemency, and generosity: standard encomia. He returned various properties, even some privates ones, that had been confiscated by his father, and founded many churches and monasteries. Gregory the Great, writing to Reccared in Aug. 599 (Epp. ix. 61, 121), extols him for embracing the true faith and inducing his people to do so, and notably for refusing the bribes offered by Jews to procure the repeal of a law against them. He sends him a piece of the True Cross, some fragments of the chains of St Peter, and some hairs of St John Baptist.

Reccared was succeeded by his youthful son Leova II.

Some of the chroniclers of Reccared are Gregory of Tours, Isidore of Seville others

External link

de:Rekkared I. es:Recaredo

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