Saanich

From Academic Kids

Saanich is a Native American group from the north coast of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington and on Vancouver Island in British Columbia.

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Contents

Culture

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Language

Saanich or , written as SENĆOŦEN in Saanich orthography, also refers to their language, a member of a dialect continuum called Northern Straits which is a Coast Salishan language. The Northern Straits dialects are closely related to Klallam.


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Sounds

Consonants

The 35 consonants of Saanich:

  Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
central lateral plain labial plain labial
Stop plain          
ejective          
Affricate plain                  
ejective              
Nasal plain                
glottalized                
Fricative        
Approximant plain                
glottalized                

Vowels

Grammar

Metathesis

In Saanich, metathesis is used as a grammatical devise to indicate "actual" aspect. The actual aspect is most often translated into English as a be ... -ing progressive. The actual aspect is derived from the "nonactual" verb form by a CV → VC metathesis process (i.e. consonant metathesizes with vowel).

'shove' (nonactual) → 'shoving' (actual)
'scatter' (nonactual) → 'scattering' (actual)
'pinch' (nonactual) → 'pinching' (actual)


Links


See also: Coast Salish.

Bibliography

  • Bill, Adriane; Cayou, Roxanne; & Jim, Jacquelin. (2003). NET̸E NEḰA̸ SḴELÁLṈEW̲ [One green tree]. Victoria, B.C.: First Peoples’ Cultural Foundation & L̵ÁU,WELṈEW̲ Tribal School. ISBN 1-4120-0626-0.
  • Mithun, Marianne. (1999). The languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
  • Montler, Timothy. (1996). Languages and dialects in Straits Salishan. Proceedings of the International Conference on Salish and Neighboring Languages, 31, 249-256.
  • Montler, Timothy. (1999). Language and dialect variation in Straits Salishan. Anthropological linguistics, 41 (4), 462-502.
  • Thompson, Laurence; Thompson, M. Terry; & Efrat, Barbara. (1974). Some phonological developments in Straits Salish. International Journal of American Linguistics, 40, 182-196.
  • YELḰÁTT̵E [Claxton, Earl, Sr.]; & STOLC̸EL̵ [Elliot, John, Sr.]. (1994). Reef Net Technology of the Saltwater People. Brentwood Bay, B.C.: Saanich Indian School Board.
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