Samadhi

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(This term describes Samadhi in Buddhism, whereas Samadhi meditation describes Samadhi in Yoga)

Samadhi, or concentration of the mind, is the second of the three parts of the Buddha's teaching, namely Sila (morality), Samadhi (concentration), and Panna (insight/wisdom). It has been taught by the Buddha using 40 different objects of meditation, such as mindfulness of breathing (anapanasati). Upon development of Samadhi, one's mind becomes purified of defilements, calm, tranquil, and luminous. Once the meditator achieves a strong and powerful concentration, one's mind is ready to penetrate and see into the ultimate nature of reality, eventually obtaining release from all suffering.

In the Hindu tradition, Samadhi is Sanskrit for "complete meditation." According to Vyasa, "yoga is samadhi" deciphered as complete control (samadhana) over the functions of consciousness. The exact meaning and usage of the term varies among the Indian religious traditions (such as Hinduism and Buddhism) but its meaning is from 'sam', with, together + 'a' towards + 'dha' to bring. The result is various degrees of veridical coalescent acquisition of truth (samapatti).

Samadhi is the main subject of the first part of Yoga Sutras called Samadhi-pada.

Samadhi is also the Hindi word for a structure commemorating the dead (tomb).

Mahasamadhi (literally great samadhi) is the Hindi word for a realized yogi's conscious departure from the physical body at death.

"In Bhagavad Gita Krishna speaks about Samadhi and about principal stages of Nirvana: Nirvana in Brahman (the Holy Spirit) and Nirvana in Ishvara (the Creator).
But in India the term “Nirvana” became widely used by Buddhists at some point in time and later on this term along with Buddhism, was “forced out” from India by Hindus. Instead of using the term “Nirvana” Hindu schools started to expand the meaning of the term “Samadhi” by adding to it various prefixes. Various schools used these composite words and because of this the term “Samadhi” got “diffused” and lost its unambiguity. This is why it makes sense to get back to accurate terminology that God introduced into spiritual culture through Krishna." [1] (http://www.religiousbook.net/Books/Online_books/Ec/Ecology_34.html)

See also:

External links

nl:Samadhi (boeddhisme) ja:三昧 pl:Samadhi pt:Samadhi zh:三昧

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