Treaty of Nanking

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de:Frieden von Nanjing fr:Trait de Nankin ja:南京条約 zh:南京条约

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Nanking, August 29, 1842, Peace Treaty between the Queen of Great Britain and the Emperor of China

The Treaty of Nanking (南京條約, pinyin: Nnjīng Tioyuē) is the agreement which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China.

It was signed on August 29, 1842 onboard the British warship HMS Cornwallis in Nanjing (then known as "Nanking"). It is the first of the Unequal Treaties signed by China with a foreign power.

Under the treaty, China agreed to cede Hong Kong Island to the British Empire, and open the following treaty ports of China for foreign trade:

(The first of the romanizations are in Postal System Pinyin; the second Hanyu Pinyin.)

Also, Great Britain recieved 21 million dollars in compensation.

The treaty left several unsettled issues. In particular it did not resolve the status of the opium trade with China, which was profitable for the British and which many historians believe to have been devastating to the Chinese. The equivalent American treaty forbade the opium trade, but, as both the British and American merchants were only subject to the legal control of their consuls, the trade continued.

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