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Tuoba (拓拔 pinyin Tub) or T'o-pa in Wade-Giles was a clan of the Xianbei people. Some scholars regard them as a proto-Turkic ethnic group. They established the Northern Wei Dynasty.

Chieftains of Tuoba Clan ¹ 219-377 (as Kings of Dai 305?-377)

Posthumous names Chinese family names and first names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Chinese convention: family name and first names
Shenyuan 神元 pinyin (py.) shn2 yun Tuoba Liwei ³ 拓拔力微 py. Tub Lwi 219-277 Did not exist
Zhang 章 py. Zhāng Tuoba Xilu 拓拔悉鹿 py. Tub Xīl 277-286 Did not exist
Ping 平 py. Png Tuoba Chuo 拓拔綽 py. Tub Chu 286-293 Did not exist
Si 思 py. Sī Tuoba Fu 拓拔弗 py. Tub F 293-294 Did not exist
Zhao 昭 py. Zhāo Tuoba Luguan 拓拔祿官 py. Tub Lguān 294-307 Did not exist
Huan 桓 py. Hun Tuoba Yituo 拓拔猗(拖 without 手) py. Tub Yītuō 295-305 Did not exist
Mu 穆 py. M Tuoba Yilu 拓拔猗盧 py. Tub Yīl 295-316 Did not exist
Did not exist Tuoba Pugen 拓拔普根 py. Tub Pǔgēn 316 Did not exist
Did not exist 拓拔? Tub ? 316 Did not exist
Pingwen 平文 py. Pngwn Tuoba Yul 拓拔鬱律 py. Tub Ylǜ 316-321 Did not exist
Hui 惠 py. Hu Tuoba Heru 拓拔賀傉 py. Tub Hrǔ 321-325 Did not exist
Yang 煬 py. Yng Tuoba Hena 拓拔紇那 py. Tub Hnǎ 325-329 and 335-337 Did not exist
Lie 烈 py. Li Tuoba Yihuai 拓拔翳槐 py. Tub Yhua 329-335 and 337-338 Did not exist
Zhaocheng 昭成 py. Zhaōchng Tuoba Shiyijian 拓拔什翼健 py. Tub Shyjin 338-377 Jianguo (建國 py. Jingu) 338-377


¹ Tuoba Family was the ruling family of Northern Wei Dynasty, founded by Tuoba Gui, then Emperor Daowu. Hence the rulers of Northern Wei Dynasty will start with him, not as a continuation of this table.

² All chieftains were revered as emperors in Weishu and Beishi but they never were in reality. They were denoted here as 王 pinyin Wng (literary meaning: King or Prince), which was inherited by all successors of Tuoba Yilu. Refer to Chinese nobility#wang.

³ His temple name was Shizu (Chinese characters: 始祖, py. Shzǔ). Another column was not created since only he was the only chieftain before Tuoba Gui revered with a temple name.

Related Articles

nl:Toba (volk)


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