United Kingdom general elections

From Academic Kids

This is a list of United Kingdom general elections since 1802. For by-election results see List of UK by-elections. For information on UK elections in general, see Elections in the United Kingdom.

Election results

Note that all elections until 1832 had very restricted suffrage, until 1918 it remained non-universal.

Election Date Consequent Prime Minister(s) Party Majority
1801 (MPs)
1802 (MPs) 22 July 1802 Henry Addington
William Pitt the Younger
Tory
1806 (MPs) 17 November 1806 The Lord Grenville Whig
1807 (MPs) The Duke of Portland
Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Tory
1818 (MPs) The Earl of Liverpool Tory
1821 (MPs) 16 January 1821 The Earl of Liverpool Tory
1826 (MPs) 19 June 1826 The Earl of Liverpool
George Canning
The Viscount Goderich
The Duke of Wellington
Tory
1830 (MPs) 9 August 1830 The Earl Grey Whig
1831 (MPs) 25 July 1831 The Earl Grey Whig
At this point, the Reform Act 1832 gave suffrage to propertied
male adults and disenfranchised almost all of the rotten boroughs.
1832 (MPs) 7 December 1832 The Earl Grey
The Viscount Melbourne
Robert Peel
Whig
1835 (MPs) The Viscount Melbourne Whig
1837 (MPs) The Viscount Melbourne Whig
1841 (MPs) Robert Peel Conservative
1847 (MPs) 9 August 1847 Lord John Russell Whig
1852 (MPs) The Earl of Derby
The Earl of Aberdeen
Conservative
1857 (MPs) The Viscount Palmerston Liberal
1859 (MPs) 16 May 1859 The Viscount Palmerston Liberal
1865 (MPs) The Earl Russell
The Earl of Derby
Benjamin Disraeli
Liberal
1868 (MPs) William Ewart Gladstone
1874 (MPs) Benjamin Disraeli Conservative
1880 (MPs) April 1880 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal
1885 (MPs) The Marquess of Salisbury
William Ewart Gladstone
1886 (MPs) The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative
1892 (MPs) William Ewart Gladstone
The Earl of Rosebery
Liberal
1895 (MPs) The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative
1900 (MPs) The Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Conservative
1906 (MPs) Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Herbert Henry Asquith
Liberal
January 1910 (MPs) Herbert Henry Asquith Liberal
December 1910 (MPs) Herbert Henry Asquith
David Lloyd George
Liberal
At this point, the Representation of the People Act 1918 gave suffrage
to most of the adult population (men over 21, women over 30).
1918 (MPs) December 14, 1918 David Lloyd George Liberal (Coalition Government) 238
1922 (MPs) November 15, 1922 Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Conservative 74
1923 (MPs) December 6, 1923 James Ramsay MacDonald Labour −98
1924 (MPs) October 29, 1924 Stanley Baldwin Conservative 210
At this point, the Representation of the People Act 1928 gave Universal suffrage
to the adult population over 21.
1929 (MPs) May 30, 1929 James Ramsay MacDonald Labour −42
1931 (MPs) October 27, 1931 James Ramsay MacDonald National Labour (National Government) 492
1935 (MPs) November 14, 1935 Stanley Baldwin
Neville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
Conservative (National Government) 242
1945 (MPs) July 5, 1945 Clement Attlee Labour 146
1950 (MPs) February 23, 1950 Clement Attlee Labour 5
1951 (MPs) October 25, 1951 Sir Winston Churchill Conservative 17
1955 (MPs) May 26, 1955 Sir Anthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Conservative 54
1959 (MPs) October 8, 1959 Harold Macmillan
The Earl of Home
Conservative 100
1964 (MPs) October 15, 1964 Harold Wilson Labour 5
1966 (MPs) March 31, 1966 Harold Wilson Labour 96
1970 (MPs) June 18, 1970 Edward Heath Conservative 31
At this point, the Representation of the People Act 1969 gave suffrage
to the adult population over 18.
February 1974 (MPs) February 28, 1974 Harold Wilson Labour −33
October 1974 (MPs) October 10, 1974 Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Labour 3
1979 (MPs) May 3, 1979 Margaret Thatcher Conservative 43
1983 (MPs) June 9, 1983 Margaret Thatcher Conservative 144
1987 (MPs) June 11, 1987 Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Conservative 102
1992 (MPs) April 9, 1992 John Major Conservative 21
1997 (MPs) May 1, 1997 Tony Blair Labour 179
2001 (MPs) June 7, 2001 Tony Blair Labour 167
2005 (MPs) May 5, 2005 Tony Blair Labour 66

Note: A negative majority means that there was a hung parliament (or minority parliament) following that election. For example, in the 1929 election, Labour was 42 seats short of forming a majority, and so its majority is listed as −42.

Template:British elections

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