Unterfranken

From Academic Kids

Statistics
State:Bavaria
Capital:Würzburg
Area:8,531.59 km²
Inhabitants:1,344,300 (2002)
pop. density:157,57 inh./km²
Map
Missing image
Bavaria_unterfranken.png
Image:Bavaria unterfranken.png

Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (32 regions).

The district was formed in 1817 unter the name of Untermainkreis (Lower Main District) and renamed in 1837 as Unterfranken and Aschaffenburg (Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg). In 1933 the regional Nazi Gauleiter Otto Hellmuth insisted on renaming the district Mainfranken, but after 1945 the name Unterfranken was resrurrected.

Unterfranken is the north-west part of Franconia and consists of three district-free cities ("Kreisfreie Städte") and nine country districts ("Landkreise").






Contents

Area and population

Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) Population and Area
City or District Population (2002) Area (km²) Communities
City of Aschaffenburg 68,682 5.1% 63 0.7% 1 0.3%
City of Schweinfurt 54,670 4.1% 36 0.4% 1 0.3%
City of Würzburg 131,582 9.8% 88 1.0% 1 0.3%
Aschaffenburg 174,863 13.0% 699 8.2% 32 10.4%
Bad Kissingen 109,382 8.1% 1,137 13.3% 26 8.4%
Haßberge 88,301 6.6% 956 11.2% 26 8.4%
Kitzingen 89,335 6.6% 684 8.0% 31 10.1%
Main-Spessart 132,393 9.8% 1,322 15.5% 40 13.0%
Miltenberg 131,568 9.8% 716 8.4% 32 10.4%
Rhön-Grabfeld 86,811 6.5% 1,022 12.0% 37 12.0%
Schweinfurt 116,868 8.7% 841 9.9% 29 9.4%
Würzburg 159,845 11.9% 968 11.3% 52 16.9%
Lower Franconia 1,344,300 100.0% 8,532 100.0% 308 100.0%


Historical Population of Lower Franconia
1939 844,732
1950 1,038,930
1961 1,089,983
1970 1,181,309
1987 1,202,711
2002 1,344,300

Historical country districts

Until the municipal reform ( "Kreisreform" ) in June 1972 Lower Franconia had 22 country districts, 16 of them were attached to the other six existing country districts Aschaffenburg, Bad Kissingen, Kitzingen, Miltenberg, Schweinfurt, Würzburg or united to one of the three new country districts Haßberge, Main-Spessart, Rhön-Grabfeld.

Old country district   Now part of the country district(s)
Alzenau .............. Aschaffenburg
Bad Brückenau ........ Bad Kissingen
Bad Neustadt/Saale.... Rhön-Grabfeld
Ebern ................ Haßberge
Gemünden ............. Main-Spessart
Gerolzhofen .......... Schweinfurt, Kitzingen
Hammelburg ........... Bad Kissingen
Haßfurt .............. Haßberge
Hofheim/Unterfranken . Haßberge
Karlstadt ............ Main-Spessart
Königshofen .......... Rhön-Grabfeld
Lohr ................. Main-Spessart
Marktheidenfeld ...... Main-Spessart, Miltenberg, Würzburg
Mellrichstadt ........ Rhön-Grabfeld
Obernburg ............ Miltenberg
Ochsenfurt ........... Würzburg

Well known people

Education and startUps

University/Fachhochschulen:

  • Julius Maximilians Universität Würzburg
  • Fachhochschule Aschaffenburg
  • Fachhochschule Würzburg-Schweinfurt

startUp centers:

  • Zentec, Großwallstadt
  • RSG Rhön-Saale Gründerzentrum, Bad Kissingen
  • GRIBS Gründer- und Innovationszentrum, Schweinfurt
  • Chancencenter Maintal, Schweinfurt
  • TGZ Technologie- und Gründerzentrum, Würzburg
  • ZmK Zentrum für moderne Kommunikationstechnologien, Würzburg

Links

See also:

External Links:

nl:Neder-Franken

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