Yambol Province

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Yambol province shown within Bulgaria
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Yambol province shown within Bulgaria

Yambol is a province in south eastern Bulgaria, neighbouring Turkey to the south. Its main city is Yambol, while other towns include Topolovgrad and Elhovo. It has an area of 4162 km² and, according to the 2001 census a population of 156 631. The current population is estimated at 141 157. The town is famous for its history dating from ancient times. The archaeological findings are related to the year 6000 BC. to the time of Roman Emperor Diocletian reign when the castle, called Diospolis, was built with location of the present modern town. The best preserved historical sites, dating back to XV century are the bazar "Bezisten" and the mosque "Esky Djamia" that have been restored and are functioning at present. The town has another contribution to the world progress - Yambol is the native place of the artist of world popularity George Papazov and John Popov. The computer inventor - John Atanasov has family roots in the district. The Middle parts of Tundja valey spread over the most of the district. The hilly plain relief predominates - 100 - 150m above the sea level. The North areas of Tundja valey are characterized by trans-continental climate while the south parts have typical continental - Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperatures are 12-12,50 C. The Tundja River, the fourth of its size with an earth embankment, flows through the district. Mineral water wells are found near the village of Stefan Caradjovo. Agricultural lands take 76.9 % of th whole district territory and the forests - 15.5 % of it. The wood resources include elm-tree, yoke-elm, willow, poplar, oak tree.

Coming from the remote past, going to the future is the motto of this ancient town. The town is situated on the banks of the river Toundja. The territory of the area covers the middle part of the river valley, the Bakadjitsi, parts of the Svetiliiski, Derventski and Manastirski uplands. Mineral water springs are found near the village of Stefan Caradjovo, Straldja. The climate of the Tundja river valley is transcontinental, and in the southern parts of the area the climate is continental mediterranean.

The Ancient settlement of Kabile, the prehistoric tumulus by the village of Drama, the remains of Yambol Mediaeval castle and the Monastery of the middle Ages in Voden are some of the sites worth seeing.

The Antique settlement "Kabile" is a National archaeological reserve and a nature preserved site, being the most important Thracian settlement in Bulgaria.

In modern study of Ancient Thrace it has already been proved that Kabile was the most prominent political, economic and religious centre from the first millennium BC. The archaeological investigations of the ancient city that have taken place in the last thirty years have revealed a great number of artefacts (stone inscriptions, coins, ceramic ware and remains of building activities) dating from times over a millennium long history. Most of the discovered artefacts have already been published and used as a data for archaeological and historical studies.bg:Ямболска област ro:Regiunea Yambol

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