Dutch standards

From Academic Kids

Dutch Standard reference values for environmental investigation, clean up and remediation.

  Soil (mg/kg dry matter)Groundwaterg/l)
  reference value intervention valuereference value intervention value
I metals     
cadmium (Cd) 0.8 12 0.4 6
chromium (Cr) 100.0 380 1 30
copper (Cu) 36.0 190 15 75
nickel (Ni) 35.0 210 15 75
lead (Pb) 85.0 530 15 75
zinc (Zn) 140 720 65 800
mercury (Hg) 0.3 10.00.050.3
arsenic (As) 29.0 55.010 60
barium (Ba) 160 625 50 625
cobalt (Co) 9.0 240 20 100
molybdenum (Mo)3.0 200 5 300
antimony (Sb) 3.0 15 0.15 10
beryllium (Be)1.1 30 0.05 15
silver (Ag)- 15 - 40
selenium (Se) 0.7 100 0.07 160
tellurium (Te)- 600 - 70
thallium (Th)1.0 15 2 7
tin (Sn) - 900 2.2 50
vanadium (V) 42.0 250 1.2 70
       
II inorganic compounds     
cyanides - free 120 5 1500
cyanides - complex (pH < 5)5650 101500
cyanides - complex (pH >= 5) 550 101500
thiocyanates 120 - 1500
bromide 20- 300-
chloride - - 100000-
fluoride 500- 500 -
      
III (volatile) aromatic compounds     
benzene 0.01 1 0.20 30
toluene 0.01 130 7.00 1000
ethyl benzene0.03504.00 150
xylene 0.1 25 0.20 70
phenol 0.05 40 0.2 2000
cresols 0.05 5 0.2 200
catechol 0.05 20 0.2 1250
resorcinol 0.05 10 0.2 600
hydroquinone 0.05 10 0.2 800
dodecylbenzene-1000-0.02
styrene (vinylbenzene)0.3100 6300
     
IV polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)    
PAH (sum of 10)1 40--
  naphthalene --0.01 70
  phenanthrene --0.0035
  anthracene --0.00075
  fluoranthene--0.003 1
  benzo(a)anthracene--0.00010.5
  chrysene --0.003 0.2
  benzo(k)fluoroanthene--0.00040.05
  benzo(a)pyrene--0.00050.05
  benzo(ghi)perylene--0.00030.05
  indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene--0.00040.05
     
V chlorinated hydrocarbons    
dichloromethane0.4 10 0.01 1000
trichloromethane0.02 10 6 400
tetrachloromethane0.4 1 0.01 10
trichloroethene0.1 60 24 500
tetrachlorethene0.002 4 0.01 40
1,1-dichloroethane 0.02 15 7 900
1,2-dichloroethane0.02 4 7 400
1,2-dichloroethene (cis. trans) *0.2 1 0.01 20
1,1-dichloroethene 0.1 0.3 0.01 10
vinyl chloride 0.01 0.1 0.01 5
1,1,1-trichloroethane0.07 15 0.01 300
1,1,2-trichloroethane 0.4 10 0.01 130
chlorobenzene (sum)0.03 30 --
monochlorobenzene --7 180
dichlorobenzenes (sum)--3 50
trichlorobenzenes (sum)--0.01 10
tetrachlorobenzenes (sum)--0.01 2.5
pentachlorobenzene--0.003 1
hexachlorobenzene--0.00009 0.5
chlorophenols (sum)0.01 10 --
monochlorophenols (sum)--0.3 100
dichlorophenols (sum)--0.2 30
trichlorophenols (sum)--0.03 10
tetrachlorphenols (sum)0.01 10   
pentachlorophenol--0.04 3
chloronaphthalene--- 6
polychlorobiphenyl (sum)0.02 1 0.01 0.01
EOX0.3 ---
dioxin -0.001 -0.001ng/l
monochloraniline0.005 50 -30
dichloroaniline 0.005 50 -100
trichloroaniline-10 -10
tetrachloroaniline-30 -10
pentachloroaniline-10 -1
4-chloromethylphenols-15 -350
dichloropropanes 0.002 2 0.8 80
     
VI insecticides   
DDT/DDD/DDE0.01 4 0.004 ng/l0.01
drins0.005 4 -0.1
aldrin0.00006-0.009 ng/l-
dieldrin0.0005 -0.1 ng/l-
endrin0.00004 -0.04 ng/l-
HCH-compounds-2 0.05 1
α-HCH0.003 -33 ng/l-
β-HCH0.009 -8 ng/l-
γ-HCH0.00005 -9 ng/l-
carbaryl-5 2 ng/l50
carbofuran-2 9 ng/l100
maneb-35 0.05 ng/l0.1
atrazine 0.0002 6 29 ng/l150
chlordane -4 0.02 ng/l0.2
heptachlor-4 0.005 ng/l0.3
heptachlor-epoxide-4 0.005 ng/l3
endosulfan-4 0.2 ng/l5
organic tin compounds (sum)-2.5 0.05-16 ng/l0.7
azinphosmethyl0.0000052 0.1 ng/l2
MCPA--0.02 50
     
VII Other contaminants    
cyclohexanone0.1 45 0.5 15000
ftalates (sum)0.1 60 0.5 5
mineral oil50 5000 50 600
pyridine0.1 0.5 0.5 30
tetrahydrofuran0.1 2 0.5 300
tetrahydrothiophene0.1 90 0.5 5000
monoethylene glycol-100-5500
diethylene glycol-270 -13000
acrylonitrile0.000007 0.1 0.085
formaldehyde -0.1 -50
methanol -30 -24000
butanol -30 -5600
1,2 butylacetate-200 -6300
methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE)-100 -9200
methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)-35 -6000
tribromomethane -75 -630
ethylacetate-75 -15000
isopropanol -220 -31000
A case of environmental contamination is 'serious' if >25 m3 soil or >100 m3 groundwater is contaminated above the intervention value.

The reference values for soil are adjusted for the organic matter (humus) content and soil fraction < 0.2 μm (lutum). Above values are calculated for a 'Standard Soil' with 10% organic matter and 25% lutum.

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