Haab

From Academic Kids

The Maya Haab calendar is a 365-day solar calendar whose dates indicate the position of the Sun at noon relative to the zenith over the Yucatan peninsula. Most of the year, the Sun passes south of the zenith, but during a portion of the year it passes to the north. The foundation of the agrarian calendar, the Haab month names are based on the seasons and agricultural events. It is composed of nineteen 'months'. Eighteen of these months are 20 days long, while the last contains only five days, which are purported to be unlucky. The Haab is a vague year because it is a quarter-day short of an actual solar year, causing its first day to regress through all seasons.

The month names are

Pop, Uo, Zip, Zotz, Tzec, Xul, Yaxkin, Mol, Chen, Yax, Sac, Ceh, Mac, Kankin, Muan, Pax, Kayab, Cumhu, Uayeb.

The days of each month start with a glyph translated as the "seating of" that month. That glyph is followed by days numbered 1, 2, ..., 19 for the first eighteen months. Consequently, the 'seating' day is usually regarded as day 0 of the named month. However, some regard the 'seating' day to be last day, day 20, of the month preceding the month actually named. Similarly for Uayeb, most number its days from 0 to 4, although some argue that they should be numbered from 1 to 5.

  • 0 Pop is the 1st day of the Haab
  • 1 Pop is the 2nd day of the Haab
  • 2 Pop is the 3rd day of the Haab
  • 3 Pop is the 4th day of the Haab
  • 4 Pop is the 5th day of the Haab
  • 5 Pop is the 6th day of the Haab
  • 6 Pop is the 7th day of the Haab
  • 7 Pop is the 8th day of the Haab
  • 8 Pop is the 9th day of the Haab
  • 9 Pop is the 10th day of the Haab
  • 10 Pop is the 11th day of the Haab
  • 11 Pop is the 12th day of the Haab
  • 12 Pop is the 13th day of the Haab
  • 13 Pop is the 14th day of the Haab
  • 14 Pop is the 15th day of the Haab
  • 15 Pop is the 16th day of the Haab
  • 16 Pop is the 17th day of the Haab
  • 17 Pop is the 18th day of the Haab
  • 18 Pop is the 19th day of the Haab
  • 19 Pop is the 20th day of the Haab
  • 0 Uo is the 21st day of the Haab
  • 1 Uo is the 22nd day of the Haab
  • ...
  • 19 Cumhu is the 360th day of the Haab
  • 0 Uayeb is the 361st day of the Haab
  • 1 Uayeb is the 362nd day of the Haab
  • 2 Uayeb is the 363rd day of the Haab
  • 3 Uayeb is the 364th day of the Haab
  • 4 Uayeb is the 365th day of the Haab

See also

External Link

ja:ハアブ nl:Haab

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