Hamadan Province

From Academic Kids

Map showing Hamadan in Iran

Hamadan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. Its center is Hamadan city. The province of Hamadan covers an area of 19,546 km2. In the year 1996, Hamadan province had a population of approximately 1.7 million people.

Other major cities of Hamadan province are: Twiserkan, Nahavand, Malayer, Asad Abad, Bahar, Razan, Kabudrahang.

Contents

Geography

The province lies in an elevated region, with the 'Alvand' mountains, running from the north west to the south west. These are part of the Zagros mountain range of Iran.

Hamedan enjoys temperate warm summers and relatively cold winters.

History

Missing image
Shir-sangi.jpg
The Parthian built Stone Lion of Hamedan sits in the middle of a park today in Hamedan.
 Ganj nameh, Darius inscriptions, 5th century BC
Enlarge
Ganj nameh, Darius inscriptions, 5th century BC

Hamadan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilization. Relics of this area confirm this fact. Today's Hamadan is what is left of Ecbatana, The Medes' capital before they formed a union with the Persians. The poet Ferdowsi says that Ecbatana was built by King Jamshid.

According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.

The structures of city are related to Diya Aku, a King of the Medes from 700 BC. According to Greek records, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this King, thus transformed into a huge capital.

During the Parthian era, Ctesiphon became capital of Persia, and Hamadan became the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamadan as well.

In the year 633 when the war of Nahavand took place and Hamadan came into the hands of the invading Arabs, at times it thrived and at times it declined and witnessed hardships. During the Buwayhids, it suffered plenty of damages. In the 11th century, the Seljuks shifted their capital from Baghdad to Hamadan once again.

The city of Hamadan which was always assaulted by the rise and fall of powers, was completely destroyed during the Timurid invasion. But during the Safavid era the city thrived once more. Thereafter, in the 18th century , Hamadan surrendered to the Ottomans, but due to the courage and chivalry of Nadir Shah Afshar, Hamadan was cleared of the invaders and according to the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans, it was thus returned to Iran.

The city of Hamadan lay on the Silk Road and even in recent centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of Iran.

Hamedan today

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Avicenna's(Bu_Ali_Sina)_tomb_Hamedan.jpg
The tomb of the celebrated scholar and physician Avicenna is in Hamedan.

Colleges and Universities

Attractions

The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 442 sites of historical and cultural significance located in Hamedan, thus making the province a rich one in terms of historical attractions.

Some of the most popular sites are:

  1. Tomb of Baba Taher the poet
  2. Ganj Nameh inscriptions of Darius The Great
  3. Tomb of Esther and Mordechai
  4. Ali Sadr (Ardeles) cave
  5. Tomb of Avicenna
  6. Waterfall of Ganjnameh

External links


de:Hamadan (Provinz)

fa:استان همدان

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