Harlan Fiske Stone

From Academic Kids

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Harlan Fiske Stone (October 11, 1872April 22, 1946) was the dean of Columbia Law School, Attorney General of the United States, Associate Justice and later Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.


Early years

Harlan Fiske Stone was born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, to Fred L. and Ann S. (Butler) Stone.

He prepared at Amherst, Massachusetts, High School, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Amherst College in 1894.

From 1894 to 1895 he was the submaster of Newburgh, New York, High School. From 1895 to 1896 he was an instructor in history at Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn, New York.

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Birthplace of Harlan Fiske Stone

Legal career

Stone attended Columbia Law School from 1895 to 1898 and was admitted to the New York bar in 1898. He became a lawyer in New York City from 1898 onward, initially a member of the firm Satterlee, Sullivan & Stone, and later a member of the firm Sullivan & Cromwell. From 1899-1902 he lectured on law at Columbia Law School; he was a professor there from 1902-05; and finally was Dean of Columbia Law School from 1910-23.

In 1924 he was appointed Attorney General of the United States by his Amherst classmate and then-President Calvin Coolidge; in 1925 he was appointed an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court by Coolidge, Coolidge's only appointment to the Court.

As Attorney General, Stone was responsible in 1924 for the appointment of J. Edgar Hoover as head of the Department of Justice's Bureau of Investigation, which was to become the FBI.

In 1941, Stone was elevated to Chief Justice by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, where he served until 1946.

Other activities

Stone was the director of the Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line Railroad Company, the President of the Association of American Law Schools, and a member of the American Bar Association.

He was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree from Amherst College in 1900, and an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Amherst in 1913. Yale awarded him an honorary Doctor of Laws degree in 1924, with Columbia and Williams each awarding the same honorary degree in 1925.


Stone married Agnes E. Harvey in 1899. His two children were Marshall H. Stone and Lauson H. Stone.

Preceded by:
Harry M. Daugherty
Attorney General of the United States
Succeeded by:
John G. Sargent
Preceded by:
Joseph McKenna
Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
March 2, 1925July 2, 1941
Succeeded by:
Robert H. Jackson
Preceded by:
Charles Evans Hughes
Chief Justice of the United States
July 3, 1941April 22, 1946
Succeeded by:
Fred M. Vinson

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