Hyacinth (mythology)

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The Death of Hyacinthos by .
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The Death of Hyacinthos by Jean Broc.
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Hyacinth.jpg
Zephyr and Hyakinth; Attic red figure cup from Tarquinia, circa 480 BCE. Boston Museum of Fine Arts.

In Greek mythology, Hyacinth (or Hyacinthus) was the son of Clio and Pierus, King of Macedonia. Hyacinth was a beautiful youth beloved by the god Apollo. According to myth, the two attempted to beat each other in discus. They took turns throwing it, until Apollo, to impress his lover, threw it with all his might. Hyacinth ran to catch it, to impress Apollo in turn, and was struck by the discus as it fell to the ground - he died.

There is another myth which adds that it was the wind god Zephyrus who was actually responsible for the death of Hyacinth. Zephyrus blew the discus off course, out of jealousy, so as to injure and kill Hyacinth. When he died, Apollo made a flower, the hyacinth, spring out from his spilled blood. However, the flower of the mythological Greek youth Hyacinth slain by Apollo's discus has been identified with a number of plants other than the true hyacinth, such as the iris.

Although the mythical Hyacinth was male, Hyacinth is currently in use as a female name.

Spoken-word myths - audio files

The Hyacinth myth as told by story tellers
1. Apollo and Hyacinth, read by Timothy Carter
Bibliography of reconstruction: Homer, Illiad ii.595 - 600 (c. 700 BCE); Various 5th century BCE vase paintings; Palaephatus, On Unbelievable Tales 46. Hyacinthus (330 BCE); Apollodorus, Library 1.3.3 (140 BCE); Ovid, Metamorphoses 10. 162-219 (1CE - 8 CE); Pausanias, Description of Greece 3.1.3, 3.19.4 (160 - 176 CE); Philostratus the Elder, Images i.24 Hyacinthus (170 - 245 CE); Philostratus the Younger, Images 14. Hyacinthus (170 - 245 CE); Lucian, Dialogues of the Gods 14 (170 CE); First Vatican Mythographer, 197. Thamyris et Musae

See also

External links

nl:Hyacinthus de:Hyakinthos fr:Hyacinthe it:Giacinto (mitologia) zh:雅辛托斯

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